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Fourteen Common Causes of Fatigue and What You Can Do to Improve Your Energy Levels!

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Do you have trouble maintaining adequate energy levels through the day? Fatigue is a major issue which can significantly disrupt quality of life. If you find yourself suffering from fatigue, it’s important for you to understand the causes of fatigue and how your lifestyle habits and your physiology may be preventing you from feeling your best.

As you read through this list, take stock in yourself and try to figure out which of these causes may be contributing to your poor energy levels. By recognizing what is preventing you from being at your best, you can take steps to correct the problem.

Inadequate Sleep Leads to Fatigue

One of the most common causes of fatigue is directly related to the amount of rest that you get. The average adult should get between seven and nine hours of sleep per night. Every person is different, but sleep is the period during which our bodies rest and rejuvenate, and if you have chronic issues getting enough sleep, this will disrupt your production of vital hormones such as Testosterone and Human Growth Hormone, and it will leave you groggy and weighed-down in the morning.

What Can I Do To Sleep Better?How to Sleep Better

If you feel that sleep may be contributing to your feeling of fatigue, make the concerted effort to stick to a set sleeping schedule for a while. Make it your number one priority. Also, take steps to make your bedroom a place designed explicitly for your rest and relaxation. Too many people watch television and play on their phones and computers in bed. Also, cover up light sources in your bedroom while the lights are off to promote better sleep. Ambient light can heavily disrupt sleep.

If your personal efforts to improve your sleeping habits are ineffective, you should contact a medical professional, because you could be suffering from a condition which is preventing you from sleeping well, such as sleep apnea or insomnia.

Sleep Apnea Disrupts Normal and Healthy Sleep

Many people get the sleep they need, and wake up fatigued and tired. One of the leading causes of fatigue and poor sleep among those that sleep an average of eight hours per night is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition in which your breathing becomes obstructed while you are asleep, which reduces the amount of oxygen available to your brain which disrupts your natural sleeping rhythms and can even lead you to wake up gasping for breath in the middle of the night.

Many people don’t even realize that they wake up. Often people with sleep apnea also suffer from hypersomnia, because they sleep 9-10 hours and still wake up tired, and even able to fall back asleep!

What Can I Do to Relieve Sleep Apnea?

There are some lifestyle changes that can help many people with sleep apnea overcome their condition. For example, smokers are more likely to experience sleep apnea than non-smokers, and some people find that just by quitting smoking, they can overcome their condition. Also, people that are overweight or obese are more likely to suffer from sleep apnea. Losing weight relieves pressure on the wind pipe and can help some people sleep easier.

Of course, some people are just structurally predisposed to sleep apnea, and the only effective way to relieve the condition is to meet with a medical professional. There are sleep specialists that you can meet with that can perform a sleep study, in which you fall asleep while being monitored in order to see exactly how well or poorly that you sleep. If you are diagnosed with sleep apnea, there are devices designed to help you overcome the condition. Some people benefit simply from customized mouthpieces which facilitate an open airway, whereas others need a CPAP machine, which pushes a soft breeze of air into the nose and mouth to keep your airways from becoming disrupted.

Eat Smarter to Improve Energy Levels

Many people experience fatigue not because of sleep, but because they have eating habits which limit the amount of energy available to them. Some people are tired because they don’t eat enough, or don’t eat enough at the right times. Other people are fatigued because they don’t eat the right foods to facilitate optimal energy production.

By eating a healthy diet and focusing on reasonable meals and snacks distributed throughout the day, you get your body and mind running on all cylinders, and you maintain healthy and normalized blood sugar levels.

How Can I Eat Better to Increase My Energy Levels?

Two important aspects of maintaining energy levels is to make sure that you have a source of complex carbohydrates and a source of protein in each meal. Your body breaks down carbohydrates to provide you with immediate energy, and complex carbohydrates are superior to simple carbohydrates because your body takes longer to break them down, which prevents blood sugar spikes. Protein is important because proteins are tools that your body uses to facilitate action and recover from your day-to-day activities.

One of the best ways to keep your energy levels normalized is to eat five times per day, three modest meals and two snacks distributed evenly across the day.

Anemia is a Relatively Common Medical Cause of Fatigue

Anemia is a pretty serious medical condition, and one of the ways that it manifests itself is through a lack of energy. Your blood cells use iron to help transport oxygen throughout the body, and if you don’t have enough iron in your diet, or you have a condition which disrupts the way that your body uses iron, you will have trouble getting through the day without serious energy issues. Anemia is more common among women than men, but both sexes can experience the condition.

How Can I Relieve the Effects of Anemia?

For many people, Anemia is a nutritional disorder, caused by not getting enough iron. For other people, there are biological reasons why their body doesn’t appropriately absorb iron, and this means that the individual needs more iron in their diet than the average person to meet the needs of their body.

The two best ways to increase your iron intake are through diet and through supplementation, or a combination of both. There are many foods that can help you get your fill of iron, including enriched cereals, beans, shellfish, liver, and lean meat. The average amount of iron that you need daily depends upon your gender, your age, and whether you are currently pregnant or nursing. If increasing your iron intake doesn’t help, talk to a professional, because you could be suffering from a more serious condition which inhibits your body’s ability to utilize iron.

Depression Could Be the Root Cause of Your Fatigue

Depression often gets misunderstood. Like anxiety, people think of depression as a condition which only affects the mind, but in truth, all conditions which affect the mind also distinctly affect the body. In particular, depression can significantly impact sleeping habits. Some people have trouble sleeping as a result of depression, whereas others stay in bed all day and still don’t find adequate rest.

If you’ve been feeling a lack of appetite in combination with headaches and fatigue, you could be suffering from depression without fully being aware of it. If you’ve been experiencing feelings of emotional numbness and physical exhaustion for longer than three weeks or so, you should go see a professional.

How Can I Relieve Depression?

Exercise to Beat Depression

Some people respond well to mild depression simply by exercising and adjusting to a healthier diet, but many people suffer from depression because of significant issues in their own life, hormone and neurological imbalance, or a combination of both. For people with moderate to severe depression, the two best options are to visit a psychologist for cognitive therapy, or to consider a medical treatment to alleviate underlying issues.

Hypothyroidism Can Cause Severe Fatigue

Some people experience fatigue because of hormonal disorders. The thyroid, hypothalamus, and pituitary are all important areas with relationship to energy production and distribution, and the thyroid gland controls hunger, satiation, and metabolism. People with Hypothyroidism don’t produce enough of of hormones associated with metabolic upregulation, which leads to feelings of exhaustion and tiredness. This reduction in metabolism also frequently leads to weight gain.

What Can I Do If I Suffer from Hypothyroidism?

If you believe that you may be suffering from Hypothyroidism, an endocrinologist or other hormone specialist can test your hormone levels and provide confirmation. For Hypothyroidism, the best course of action is almost always in the form of Bio-Identical Thyroid Hormones which can get your Thyroid Hormone Levels back to a more optimal balance.

Too Much Caffeine Can Lead to Fatigue

It’s important to remember that, although caffeine is ubiquitous in American society, it is still a drug. Caffeine works by imitating the function of Adenosine in the blood stream and the brain, and people use caffeine either to get a boost of energy or to stave off cravings. Caffeine in and of itself isn’t that bad for you when used in moderation, but when used at the wrong time, too much, or too often, it can lead to issues.

Excess caffeine intake can lead to jitteriness, increased blood pressure, and elevated heart rate. Of course, if you’re trying to go to sleep and your body is still on edge, this is going to cause some major issues. On top of that, some people drink or take so much caffeine that they actually overwhelm their bodies, which simultaneously diminishes the benefits of caffeine and leads to feelings of fatigue.

How Can I Improve Energy Levels By Changing My Caffeine Consumption?

Depending on your core issue with caffeine, there are two main things that you can do. If caffeine is preventing you from getting to sleep, and thereby contributing to fatigue. Cut back on your caffeine consumption, and only drink caffeine before one or two in the afternoon. If you believe that your main issue is the result of fatigue caused by the over-consumption of caffeine, itself, cut back on the amount of caffeine that your drink per day, and think about entirely cutting out caffeine over the course of a few weeks. The symptoms of caffeine-induced fatigue are very similar to those of caffeine withdrawal, so it is important to taper off consumption.

Urinary Tract Infection Can Lead to Fatigue

You may be surprised to find out that a UTI can lead to fatigue. Most people understand that UTIs lead to strong feelings of urinary urgency and pain, but most don’t realize that UTIs can have other, more hidden effects. Many patients experience fatigue explicitly as the result of a Urinary Tract Infection, but, as you can imagine, this correlation often isn’t made until the condition becomes worse and leads to other symptoms.

How Can I Treat a UTI?

Urinary Tract Infections are bacterial infections, and antibiotics do the trick when treating the condition. If you are fatigued, think about going in for a physical, and a simple urine test can determine if you need treatment. One round of antibiotics will likely cure both the UTI and your energy burden simultaneously.

Diabetes is a Common Cause of Fatigue

Diabetes is a condition in which your body doesn’t efficiently transport glucose in the blood stream to target cells where it is broken down into energy. In Type-2 Diabetes, this is because the body develops Insulin Resistance, as insulin is the primary hormone that the body uses to facilitate this transport.

If your cells aren’t getting enough energy via glucose, this leads directly to feelings of fatigue, not unlike that which you might experience if you weren’t eating enough food to meet your energy requirements. If your energy levels have been sapped for an extended period of time for reasons that you can’t explain, talk to your doctor.

What Can Be Done to Treat Diabetes?

See a Doctor to Be Healthier

Depending on the severity of your condition, there are a number of things that you can do to relieve the symptoms associated with Diabetes. For some people, a specialized exercise and nutrition regimen may be enough to right the ship, whereas other people may need to take certain medications or start taking Insulin to facilitate energy transfer. Diabetes is a serious and significant disorder, associated with a variety of dangerous conditions which can shorten your lifespan. If you think you may be suffering from the condition, talk to a doctor as soon as possible.

Dehydration Can Lead to Feelings of Fatigue

Many people experience fatigue because they don’t drink enough water. Our bodies need a lot of water to make it through the day, whether you work at a construction site or even just behind a desk. A lot of people think that thirst is a sign of one becoming dehydrated, but in reality, if you are feeling thirsty, your body is already suffering as a result of dehydration. If you’re drinking enough water, you should never actually feel thirsty.

How Can I Relieve Dehydration Effectively?

The most important thing is to recognize you aren’t getting enough water each day and taking the obvious and correct step to resolve the issue—drink more water! Ideally, when you urinate, the liquid should be a pale yellow. If you’re urine is dark, that’s a major sign of dehydration. Consume the equivalent of eight glasses of water per day as a baseline. If you exercise regularly or work out, plan to drink more. Drink preemptively. Have a couple of glasses of water before you get active, and drink throughout whatever you are doing. After you’ve finished working, have two more glasses of water.

If you are a drinker, remember that alcohol dehydrates you. To limit your hangover and feel better, try to drink a glass of water for each beverage you consume. Also, waking up with a glass of water will kickstart your metabolism and get you energized for your day, warding off fatigue from the start!

Heart Disease Can Contribute to Fatigue

Fatigue appears in many forms and has many apparent causes. If you primarily get fatigue when you engage in routine activities such as weeding or housecleaning, this could mean that your heart is having trouble keeping up with your body’s basic activity level. This is a sign of heart disease. If, as you grow older, you notice that your capacity for these sort of physical activities is in decline, make an appointment with your physician to discuss heart disease.

What Can Be Done to Improve Energy Levels In Spite of Heart Disease?

Although heart disease is a serious and dangerous issue, there are things that can be done to improve your life and your energy levels. For example, by improving your diet and activity level, you can improve your cardiovascular capacity. There are also medical treatments which can facilitate circulation and improve your heart’s strength. There are also therapy techniques and rehabilitation strategies that can improve your heart health.

Circadian Disruption Can Lead to Fatigue

For many people, just getting enough sleep at night isn’t enough. Many people have issues with their energy levels because they don’t have a steady sleep-wake cycle. Your circadian rhythm governs the way that your body uses and releases hormones. The body uses cortisol to stimulate you into wakefulness and melatonin to encourage sleep, for example.

If your body’s signaling gets out of whack, you may find yourself wide awake when you should be asleep, or you may sleep when your schedule demands it, but your body doesn’t get the rest that it should from that sleep. This condition is often referred to as Shift Work Sleep Disorder.

What Can I Do to Sleep Better In Spite of Shift Work and Other Disturbances?

If you are having trouble with restful sleep as a result of Shift Work Sleep Disorder or other issues which prevent you from sleeping restfully at an ideal time, there are some things you can do to induce restfulness. For example, we sleep best when things are comfortably cool, quiet, and dark. Make sure that the room doesn’t get uncomfortably warm, and light-proof your bedroom to keep light from disrupting your sleep. Consider buying a sleep mask to block out light if you don’t find it too uncomfortable.

If your efforts to improve your sleep quality aren’t working out, talk to a sleep specialist. There are some medications and over-the-counter remedies that will likely aid you in your quest for rest!

Food Allergies Can Disrupt Your Sleep

Most people are aware of the major issues related to food allergies, but sometimes, you may simply have a mild allergy or intolerance that affects your health in ways you wouldn’t expect. For example, foods that you have a mild allergy to may cause you to become sleepy or exhausted, the opposite of what you are looking for in a healthy diet!

What Should I Do If I Suspect that an Unknown Allergy is Impacting My Energy Levels?

If you think that you may have an allergy that is causing you fatigue, take the time to systematically remove foods from your diet to assess the effect that they may be having. If that sounds too difficult or time consuming, you can talk to a physician and arrange for an allergy test to provide clinical evidence of underlying food allergies.

Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Can Lead Directly to Feelings of Fatigue

If you have been suffering from relatively long-term fatigue and your attempts to rectify your situation have been all for naught, you could be suffering from Fibromyalgia or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Both of these conditions are associated with an overwhelming sense of fatigue that can be so severe that it makes it difficult to perform the day-to-day tasks necessary to get by optimally.

What Can I Do to Alleviate Fatigue Associated with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia?

Both of these conditions significantly suppress energy levels, and both take a concerted effort in order to overcome the associated fatigue, and you should talk to your doctor about a therapy regimen that can improve your health and energy levels. A few things that you can do are engage in regular, light exercise, improve your sleeping routine, and adjust your schedule to fit your body’s needs.

Testosterone’s Effects Upon the Human Body

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Testosterone is the quintessential hormone which represents masculinity. It is the very reason why embryos become boys and boys become men, as the prenatal male starts to secrete his own Testosterone in the womb starting around 50 days after conception. Testosterone levels drop significantly after differentiation completes in the womb, and stays low until puberty, when both Testosterone and Human Growth Hormone Levels start to increase.

Testosterone Production continues to increase throughout adolescence, and reaches its apex around 17-19 years of age. After this period, Testosterone levels hit a plateau, and remain high for the next 10-15 years. Starting at around the age of thirty, Testosterone Production falls from this plateau, dropping a bit each year, around an average of 1.5% annually.

The majority of men produce more than their fair share of Testosterone, especially men under the age of forty, but the older that men get, the more likely that they are to experience abnormally low levels of Testosterone, a condition known as Testosterone Deficiency. Men that don’t produce enough Testosterone start to go into a physiological decline that effects them physically, psychologically, and sexually. They start to gain weight and lose muscle mass. They become less interested in sex and more likely to experience erectile dysfunction. They can even suffer from symptoms like depression and anxiety, directly because of their deficiency.

When men stop producing enough Testosterone as a result of processes associated with aging, this is known as Andropause, and is primarily the result of a decline in signaling from the hypothalamus, although the testes can lose some of their efficiency as well. Any form of Testosterone Deficiency, including Andropause, can be treated effectively using Testosterone Replacement with Patches, Creams, or Injections. In order to get Testosterone, you must have a prescription from a licensed and board certified medical professional. In order to get the best results and protect your health, itss important to also undergo regular screenings once or twice per year to make sure that the treatment is working effectively with no major side-effects, and that you don’t aren’t experiencing any other conditions that may inhibit the effects of therapy or your health.

Men are healthiest when their Testosterone Levels are in the normal range. Too much Testosterone can lead to side-effects and increases the risk of conditions associated with Testosterone Overdose. Both men and women make Testosterone, but women produce significantly less.

Effects Of Testosterone on the Various Systems of the Human Body

Testosterone and the Endocrine System

The Endocrine System is the name for the collection of glands all throughout the body which produce hormones. The Hypothalamus is the control center for hormones, and is directly responsible for the release of Testosterone. In order to release Testosterone and sperm, the Hypothalamus releases Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, which flows to the Pituitary, triggering the release of Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone, which stimulate the Testes and Adrenal Glands.

Testosterone stimulates sexual development both prenatally and during puberty. Before a child is born, Testosterone encourages the development of the primary sex organs such as the penis, testes, and prostate. During puberty, Testosterone is responsible for the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, such as body hair, the deepening of the voice, and the full maturation of the sex organs. In addition to this, the male libido activates.

When Testosterone Levels are ideal, this plays an integral role in maintaining hormone homeostasis. It helps the muscles stay strong, which promotes insulin sensitivity. Also, Testosterone promotes a normal Circadian Rhythm, and Low-T can contribute to sleeping troubles ranging from simple restlessness to insomnia.

Testosterone and the Reproductive System

As we mentioned, Testosterone is responsible for sexual maturation. After puberty, Testosterone is still responsible for maintaining both sex drive and sexual health. Testosterone and its precursors stimulate the production of sperm, which facilitates fertility.

Men with Testosterone Deficiency often experience major sexual issues. They can partially or totally lose their interest in sex, and this can also lead to suppressed fertility, as the body simply doesn’t make as much sperm. Furthermore, Testosterone facilitates both male ability and pleasure, which can make it harder both to generate and maintain an erection as well as achieve orgasm.

Testosterone and the Central Nervous System

Hormones are physical messengers, which work alongside the electrical messaging performed by the central nervous system. These two systems interact significantly, and Testosterone interacts both directly and with other hormones which regulate Central Nervous System Function.

Testosterone is important in many of the characteristic traits which define and categorize men, such as dominance, aggression, and assertiveness. When Testosterone Levels are low, men are more likely to experience psychological traits such as timidness, irritability, and subordination. Men with Andropause start to experience feelings such as loss of motivation and lack of confidence relating to their changing hormone balance. Furthermore, Testosterone interacts with the body’s production and utilization of Serotonin, and if Testosterone Levels are low, this can negatively impact Serotonin Levels, which can lead to depression as well as a suppressed sense of well-being.

Testosterone even impacts cognitive ability, and men with Testosterone Deficiency are more likely to have greater issues with both memory and general cognitive sharpness. As Testosterone Levels decline, this can lead to issues related to both memory sharpness and focus.

Testosterone and the Skin

Most people don’t know this, but the skin and its related tissues are also known as the Integumentary System. During sexual maturation in males, Testosterone promotes the widespread growth of body hair, from the chest and legs to the arms, back, and beard. Men with significant Testosterone Deficiency often notice changes in their body hair, because Low Testosterone Levels directly lead to less body hair.

During puberty, the body reacts to the surge in Testosterone Levels with an increase in sebum activity which leads both to oily skin and acne. Testosterone Treatments, when abused, often lead to these symptoms associated with adolescence, as the body experiences an unnatural surge in Testosterone Levels and overreacts. Testosterone Therapy can sometimes contribute to these symptoms, but generally not very significantly.

Testosterone, Fat, Bone, and Muscle

Testosterone is an anabolic hormone, meaning that it is intricately involved in the building up of the human body. In particular, Testosterone stimulates the rate at which the muscle cells develop and heal after physical activity. Testosterone is directly responsible for why men have muscles that are so much larger than women. Testosterone also stimulates the growth of neurotransmitters which respond to Testosterone activation, which further encourages the growth of muscle mass. Higher Testosterone Levels directly lead to increased Human Growth Hormone Levels, which are responsible for amplifying healing processes and metabolic processes all throughout the body.

In addition to this, Testosterone stimulates metabolism, both by stimulating muscles and through other processes. This increased metabolism directly leads to the burning of both body fat and the calories that one consumes in his or her diet. Women carry more bodyfat than their male counterparts because they don’t produce as much Testosterone.

In addition to stimulating the growth of muscle mass, Testosterone also encourages healthy bone remodeling and metabolism, the process by which the bones reinforce and recycle themselves as we age. Directly related to this increase in bone metabolism is an increase in the production of red blood cells. In some cases, especially in at risk patients, the increase in red blood cell count associated with Testosterone Therapy can be problematic, but fortunately, these issues can be mitigated almost completely through the process of blood donation.

Testosterone increases bone density and tells the bone marrow to manufacture red blood cells. Men with very low levels of testosterone are more likely to suffer from bone fractures and breaks.

Testosterone also plays a role in fat metabolism, helping men to burn fat more efficiently. Dropping levels of Testosterone can cause an increase in body fat.

Testosterone and the Circulatory System

Testosterone, like most other hormones, circulate through the blood stream to reach target organs. Healthy Testosterone Levels are associated with a number of factors related to cardiovascular health. Men with healthy Testosterone Levels are more likely to have good cholesterol counts, and they are less likely to have hypertension. They are more likely to have healthy hearts, and less likely to suffer from diabetes.

Could Testosterone Therapy Improve Your Health and Your Life?

If you aren’t producing enough Testosterone, you could experience symptoms which resound all throughout your body and its various systems. If you feel that you may be suffering from Testosterone Deficiency or Andropause, we encourage you to seek the assistance of a qualified and trained medical professional that can provide you with the hormone testing and diagnosis that you need to reveal your hormone health!

Seven Types of Drugs that Can Inhibit Sex Drive and Libido

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As men grow older, maintaining sexual health and performance is near the top of most men’s minds. As men enter their forties and beyond, they start to become more susceptible to a number of different health conditions that can impact sexual function, including Testosterone Deficiency and Diabetes. Did you know, however, that there are actually many medications that can either inhibit your libido, inhibit your sexual function, or both?

Men don’t realize how commonly that medications are the root cause of erectile dysfunction. In fact, research suggests that sexual dysfunction is the result of the drugs taken by the male patient in as many as 25% of erectile dysfunction cases.

We all know how important sex is to a happy and healthy relationship. If you are having trouble generating interest in your partner, or if you can’t seal the deal, you should talk to a physician and find out the root cause of your dysfunction. In many cases, erectile dysfunction is a sign of deeper, underlying problems, and it is possible that, in the case that your medications are altering your sexual performance, there are steps that you can take to restore your sexual health. In some cases changing drugs is all that’s necessary. In other cases erectile dysfunction could be a sign that you need further treatment.

Don’t be afraid to talk to your doctor about any sexual issues that you may be experiencing. Your doctor is trained to consider all of your health issues with care and consideration, and if you are having trouble in your sex life, your doctor may be the professional single-most equipped to help you overcome your erectile dysfunction or lack of libido so that you can restore your intimacy with your partner.

Even if drugs aren’t causing your erectile dysfunction, it benefits you in the long run to rule out your medications as the cause of your sexual distress before you turn to erectile dysfunction medications such as Viagra or Levitra, or Testosterone Hormone Therapies such as Testosterone Patches, Creams, and Injections.

The following are some examples of medications that can contribute significantly to sexual distress in some patients. Of course, if you are taking any of these treatments, it is important to talk to your doctor and get his or her consent before you quit taking any medication. Usually, your doctor can alter your medication regimen in order to restore your sexual function, while still treating any underlying conditions may be afflicting your health and wellness.

Fibrate and Statin Medications Can Inhibit Sex Drive and Cause Erectile Dysfunction

Fibrates and Statins are prescribed in order to treat patients that have unhealthy cholesterol levels and need help controlling their cholesterol in order to protect and safeguard their heart and cardiovascular system. The problem with suppressing cholesterol activity, however, is that your body won’t produce sex hormones as efficiently.

Although most of the time we hear about the bad things associated with cholesterol, especially LDL Cholesterol, cholesterol is also the core component of all of the sexual hormones, including Testosterone. Without sufficient Testosterone, you won’t be able to sufficiently maintain an erection, and your libido, as well as the pleasure that you derive from sexual activity, will diminish severely. Another relatively common symptom of Statins in particular is that it can cause muscle atrophy, which leads to both joint pain and weakness.

As of 2002, there is undeniable clinical evidence that both fibrates and statins can lead directly to erectile dysfunction. A study published in 2009 further discovered that statins reduce the ability of both sexes to experience full sexual pleasure, including orgasm. Interestingly enough, the suppression of sexual pleasure correlated strongly with LDL Cholesterol Levels themselves.

How Can Patients Avoid Statins and Fibrates While Still Promoting Healthy Cholesterol Levels?

There are millions of men and women across the country that take fibrates and statins for coronary artery disease. For patients that don’t have exceedingly high cholesterol levels, it may be possible to avoid fibrate and statin drugs altogether if the patient adheres to a healthy diet regimen and supplements their diet with high doses of Vitamin B6, Folic Acid, and Sublingual B12 each day. For patients with somewhat high cholesterol, it is recommended to take 200 milligrams of B6, 800 micrograms of Folic Acid, and 1 milligram of B12 each day.

Blood Pressure Medications Suppress Libido and Sexual Function in Both Sexes

Blood pressure treatments are important for patients with hypertension and high blood pressure because they help keep blood circulating effectively throughout the body without putting too much strain on the heart. For patients with atherosclerosis, heart disease, or other diseases which impact the heart and blood flow, these treatments can benefit patients significantly.

Unfortunately, any drug that impacts blood pressure can also impact sexual health, reducing the pleasure associated with sexual activity as well the ability for both sexes to be sexually ready for sex. In particular, blood pressure medications can inhibit both erections and orgasms. For women, vasodilation can lead to issues reaching orgasm, as well as a lack of libido and issues becoming fully lubricated for sex.

While it is true that every medication that effects blood pressure can inhibit sexual function, there are three classes of these treatments which impact sex drive and function the most—alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, and diuretics. The reason why diuretics impede sexual function is not only the result of the way that they alter blood pressure, but the way that they alter zinc levels in the body. Zinc is an integral component of Testosterone. Beta-blockers, on the other hand, alter sexual function in three different ways—they suppress Testosterone activity, they inhibit nerve signals which control arousal, and they depress and sedate the patient.

What Can Patients that Take Blood Pressure Medications Do to Increase Sex Drive?

There are a variety of blood pressure medications which can effectively treat hypertension, and each has the capacity to inhibit sex drive and function in its own way. If the drug that you are currently taking is producing unwanted sexual side-effects, ask your physician if you can switch treatments. For example, benzothiazepine calcium channel blockers are the least likely to lead to sexual dysfunction of all of the hypertension medications available today.

Antidepressants Suppress Sexual Function

There are a lot of reasons why patients take antidepressants, although the name would suggest that depression is the only reason. Other treatments for which antidepressants have been found effective are chronic pain, OCD, eating disorders, and anxiety disorders such as General Anxiety Disorder. Antidepressants can even be used to treat menstrual cramping and to help patients quit smoking.

There are a number of antidepressants which all treat these conditions via different pathways. Common antidepressants that are used now or have been used in the past are Selective Serotonin Re-Uptake Inhibitors (SSRIS), MAO-I Inhibitors, tricyclics, lithium, and dopamine blockers.

How Do Antidepressants Lead to Sexual Issues?

Antidepressants are powerful medications that alter the way that the brain responds to chemicals associated with neurological function, including norepinephrine, serotonin, and acetylcholine. Antidepressants increase the activity of Serotonin in the brain, but can impede serotonin activity in other parts of the body. The way that these three hormones are affected by Antidepressants can lead directly to erectile dysfunction and loss of libido.

For example, one Antidepressant, known as clomipramine, reduces sex drive in eighteen percent of patients, and stops male ejaculation in forty percent of patients. Fifteen percent of patients that take this Antidepressant experience full impotence.

What Can Patients on Antidepressants Do to Improve Sexual Function?

Often in the case of Antidepressants, sexual function can be restored or vastly improved simply by adjusting the dose of the medication. Some patients may benefit most by changing from a drug treatment to another form of therapy such as talk therapy. Because there are a wide variety of Antidepressants, many patients choose to simply switch medications in order to restore sexual function.

Antipsychotics, Sex Drive, and Sexual Function

Antipsychotics are powerful medications that are intended to treat serious psychological afflictions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Antipsychotics are not indicated for depression and irritability, but are sometimes provided off-label for such psychological issues.

How do Antipsychotics Lead to Sexual Issues?

Whereas Antidepressants work by increasing Serotonin levels in the brain, Antipsychotics work by suppressing the production of Dopamine, which is the most important pleasure and reward hormone, and also plays a big role in the way that the patient responds emotionally to stimuli.

One of the primary reasons why Antipsychotics cause sexual dysfunction is because they encourage the production of prolactin in the brain, which both makes it harder to have an orgasm and can inhibit sex drive. Similar to Antidepressants, Antipsychotics also suppress Acetylcholine activity, which is strongly associated with sexual dysfunction.

It can sometimes be difficult to figure out the root cause of sexual dysfunction in patients that take Antipsychotics because psychological conditions that lead to the prescription of Antipsychotics often cause psychological issues as well. Antipsychotics have a much higher incidence of sexual dysfunction than Antidepressants. Research shows that anywhere from 45% to 90% of patients experience at least some level of sexual malfunction.

What Can Patients Taking Antipsychotics do to Restore Sexual Ability and Desire?

Like Antidepressants, sometimes sexual dysfunction is a sign that the patient is taking too much medication and would benefit from a lower dose. Also, different Antipsychotics control dopamine through different mechanisms, so changing drugs can help. For patients that have been prescribed Antipsychotics for irritation or depression associated with Alzheimer’s, it is important to understand that when doctors prescribe Antipsychotics off-label for this purpose, they put the patient at significant risk of death for patients that suffer from dementia.

Benzodiazepines Can Reduce Sexual Function

Benzodiazepines are used for a number of purposes, including the treatment of muscle spasms, irritation, insomnia and anxiety. They are also used in order to prevent patients from experiencing seizures. These drugs are frequently referred to simply as tranquilizers.

How do Benzodiazepines Lead to Sexual Malfunction

As you may have guessed, Benzodiazepines primarily impact sexual function because they suppress the body’s ability to react to stimuli through their tranquilizing effect. They reduce sensation as well as excitement and libido. There is also evidence that Benzodiazepines can suppress the body’s production of Testosterone, which can prevent both sexes from getting the most out of sex. The sexual issues most highly correlated with Benzodiazepines are trouble climaxing, Erectile Dysfunction, painful or uncomfortable sex, and reduced pleasure from orgasm.

What Can Patients that Take Benzodiazepines do to Improve Sexual Health?

Some patients are prescribed Benzodiazepines when they could benefit just as well from other treatments which don’t require the powerful psychological drug, especially those that have issues with mild insomnia or anxiety. For example, for many patients, Melatonin is all that is needed in order to restore normal and healthy sleeping patterns. Also, for patients with more severe anxiety issues, Antidepressants or other forms of treatment may also be effective without contributing to sexual dysfunction.

H2 Blockers Can Suppress Sexual Drive and Function

H2 Blockers are medications which are used to treat digestive disorders, including acid reflux, stomach ulcers, and other stomach and intestinal conditions.

How Do H2 Blockers Contribute to Sexual Dysfunction?

Patients that take H2 Blockers should be incredibly careful, because taking the drugs for an extended period of time can lead to both impotence and breast enlargement in males.

Different H2 Blockers are associated with different levels of sexual dysfunction. For example, Tagamet (cimetidine) is the H2 blocker which is most powerfully associated with sexual issues, including Erectile Dysfunction, reduced sex, drive and suppressed sperm count. Other H2 Blockers such as Axid (nizatidine), Pepcid (famotidine), and Zantac (ranitidine) also have these risks, but they are not as severe.

What Can You Do if You Take H2 Blockers to Improve Sex Drive and Function?

H2 Blockers are the most effective means to treat many gastrointestinal conditions such as acid reflux. There are some things that you can do to improve your sexual function while taking these medications, however. For example, making the effort to sleep better and eat better may be all that it takes to get your sex drive going again. Taking Melatonin at night to balance out your circadian rhythm and hormone production can also be highly beneficial.

Anticonvulsants Can Lead to Sexual Dysfunction

Anticonvulsants are primarily prescribed to patients that suffer from epilepsy in order to prevent seizures. They can also be used for migraines, nerve pain, and other forms of chronic pain. One off-label use of Anti-Convulsants is for patients that suffer from Bipolar Disorder, although this use has not been approved of by the Food and Drug Administration.

How Can Anticonvulsants lead to Erectile Dysfunction and Loss of Libido?

Like many other medications, Anticonvulsants can directly contribute to Testosterone Deficiency, and can suppress sexual arousal in both sexes. In addition to this, Anticonvulsants can also inhibit the ability of the patient to achieve orgasm.

What Can Patients do that have Sexual Issues Related to Their Use of Anticonvulsants?

In the recent past, the primary Anticonvulsants available by prescription were Dilantin (phenytoin) and Tegretol (carbamazepine). Newer medications provide the same benefits with a lower risk of sexual side-effects, including Topamax (topiramate) and Neurontin (gabapentin). If you still take one of the older Anticonvulsants, you should talk to your doctor about changing treatments.

Testosterone Therapy Could Improve Your Sexual Function and Health if You Have Low-T

Of course, many patients suffer from Testosterone Deficiency for reasons other than the medications they use. Also, many patients are forced to take drugs that suppress their sexual function for health reasons. For these patients, Low-T Treatments such as Testosterone Creams, Patches, and Injections can help enhance sexual function in spite of these issues and help patients engage in more passionate sexual activity. Many patients may also benefit from Erectile Dysfunction medications such as Levitra, Viagra, and Cialis.

If you are suffering from Erectile Dysfunction or Low-T, there is no reason to resign yourself to the condition. Talk to your doctor about your options!

Ten Ways to Enhance Your Metabolism

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One of the keys to losing weight is to take steps to rev up your metabolism. There are a number of ways to achieve this, and burn calories faster and more efficiently. Allow us to provide some tips!

Build Muscle to Increase Metabolism

One of the best ways to increase your metabolism is to increase your muscle mass. Basal Metabolic Rate refers to how many calories that your body ambiently burns while you are at rest. Muscle burns more calories per hour than any other form of tissue, and the more muscle mass that you have, the higher that your basic metabolism will be.

Fat is a storage mechanism, and does not burn as many calories. Each pound of body fat you have will burn two calories on its own each day. Muscle, on the other hand, will burn six calories daily. On top of this, when you work out your muscles, they burn even more calories, and after a good anaerobic workout, all activated muscles will burn calories more quickly.

High Intensity Cardio for Increased Metabolism

Aerobic activity is also a fantastic way to increase your metabolism. High-Intensity Interval Training is a form of exercise in which you engage in standard cardiovascular activity, but periodically push yourself to the limit, going as hard as you can for a brief period of time, before allowing yourself to recover and do it all over again. Good cardio interspersed with sprinting will enhance your metabolism for hours after your exercises are complete.

Drink Lots of Water to Increase Your Metabolism

In order to maximize your metabolism, you need to be properly hydrated. If you don’t have enough water in your system, your body won’t be able to sustain optimal metabolism. Studies have shown that men and women that drink 8 servings of water per day had higher basal metabolism than those that only consumed 4.

Of course, you could drink unsweetened tea or any other calorie-free beverage as well. It also helps to choose snacks with high water content, such as vegetables and fruits, rather than chips or other carb-laden snacks.

Energy Drinks for Metabolism

Some individuals can benefit from drinking energy drinks to enhance their metabolism, because these products contain ingredients, such as taurine and caffeine which have been clinically proven to increase metabolism. Of course, you should be conscientious with regard to which drinks you consume, because some have a lot of calories, and some have so much caffeine that they can lead to issues such as sleeplessness, anxiety, and hypertension in certain individuals. Finally, pediatric physicians do not believe that teens and children should ever drink energy drinks.

Snack Conscientiously to Increase Metabolism

One of the best ways to lose weight is to spread meals out. If you eat more, smaller meals throughout the day, it helps you from overeating during your primary meals. Also, metabolism largely depends on your digestive system having something to work on. Most nutritionists recommend eating a light snack every three or four hours so that your metabolism remains regular. In doing so, you burn more calories!

Add Spice to Your Foods to Increase Metabolism!

Spicy foods like peppers contain an ingredient known as capsaicin which has some unique properties in regard to your metabolism. Your tongue registers capsaicin as heat, which adds the pleasant burn that you feel when you eat spicy foods (or the overwhelming burn from certain peppers and sauces). Simply adding a spoonful of green or red pepper to your meals can have a significant impact on your metabolism, as well as your cardiovascular health.

Balance Your Diet with Protein to Increase Metabolism

The digestive system uses more energy to digest protein than it does to digest carbs and fat. Always include a good source of lean protein in your primary meals, and be conscientious with fats and carbs, especially simple carbs. Simple carbs are bad for you in excess because your body has the ability to almost directly convert them into glucose. In limited amounts, this is good, because it provides you with an energy boost, but when you have too much, it quickly becomes stored as fat.

Some great choices for protein to include in your diet are reduced-fat dairy products, eggs, beans, nuts, tofu, lean chicken, fish, turkey, and lean beef.

Drink Coffee In the morning or Early Afternoon to Increase Metabolism

Multiple studies have shown that reasonable consumption of coffee has a fantastic impact on metabolism. This is the result of caffeine, as well as other natural ingredients in coffee. Studies have shown that a cup of coffee in the morning can enhance both concentration and energy, and many even use coffee as a pre-exercise workout booster. Of course, drinking coffee in the hours before bed can interfere with your sleep cycle, which can cause you to experience issues with your sleep which can reduce metabolism.

Green Tea for Metabolism

Both black and green tea provide metabolism benefits, but the benefits of green tea appear to be stronger than black tea. Green tea contains a light dose of caffeine as well as a high dose of flavonoids and catechins, which both increase metabolism for a brief period of time after consumption, two or three hours. Studies have shown that drinking two to four cups of oolong or green tea can increase the calorie-burning power of exercise by more than 15%.

Diet Responsibly to Increase Metabolism

Many people diet the wrong way, and this actually reduces their body’s ability to burn calories. Crash dieting is when you eat considerably fewer calories than your body needs in order to lose weight. For men, the number is 1,800 calories, for women, the number is 1,200 calories (though this largely depends on other factors such as age and weight).

You can lose weight through crash dieting, but your body will actually preserve your body fat and burn muscle, because crash dieting convinces the body to go into a state of self-preservation. This also means that when you quit your diet, your basal metabolic rate will be lower, and you’ll be more likely to put the weight back on quickly.

Fifteen Foods that Can Help You Get Your LDL Cholesterol Under Control

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One of the most important aspects of maintaining a healthy heart and cardiovascular system is to maintain a healthy ratio of healthy HDL Cholesterol to unhealthy LDL Cholesterol. As research continues to grow, it appears vitally important to maintain a healthy and controlled ratio between the two forms of cholesterol in order to preserve one’s health.

There’s no reason to abandon flavor when taking the steps to improve one’s health, however. Let’s talk about 15 foods that can help you get your cholesterol under control while also not sacrificing your precious palate!

Dark Chocolate Is Good For You!

Most people are confused when they talk about chocolate. It is true that milk chocolate is loaded with fat and sugar, but dark chocolate has much more concentrated nutrients, and is also chock-full of anti-oxidants known as flavonoids which help keep LDL Cholesterol Levels under control.

Of course, it’s important to recognize that dark chocolate is still a treat best enjoyed in small doses, because is still contains much sugar and saturated fat. If you are interested in infusing your meals or deserts with dark chocolate, you can buy unsweetened dark cocoa at the grocery store and include it among your ingredients in order to experience the same great benefits.

Avocados Control Cholesterol

Avocados have been a popular health food for a number of years now, but one of the particular ways that they are highly beneficial is that they are a potent source of a nutrient known as oleic acid, which has the ability to control the concentrations of LDL Cholesterol in the cardiovascular system.

The great thing about avocados is that they are easy to add to a number of meals. They go great with salads and sandwiches, and are a staple of Mexican cuisine. Many people also don’t realize that Avocado oil can be a wonderful substitute for other heart-healthy vegetable oils, and can provide its nutrients by infusing your meal with a sweet and understated flavor.

A Glass of Red Wine Can Keep Your Cholesterol in Check

Resveratrol is an antioxidant that is contained in a number of foods, most notably however, in dark fruits such as red grapes and blackberries. Red wine is a concentrated source of resveratrol due to the method by which wine is produced.

There is a growing body of evidence that shows that red wine can improve cholesterol balance, as well as improve cardiovascular health by improving circulation and mitigating the chance of developing blood clots. Unfortunately, alcohol does come with its own issues and side-effects when abused, so in order for the benefits of red wine to outweigh the issues related to the abuse of alcohol it is important to engage in moderation.

Green and Black Tea Are Concentrated Sources of Antioxidants

In America, many people have fostered an obsession with soda, which has had a very negative effect on the health of our nation. A great way to experience the benefits of caffeine in combination with health-enriching flavonoids is to drink plenty of green or black tea. Black tea is great if you are looking for a healthy and responsible source of caffeine in combination, but green tea contains much higher levels of flavonoids. We recommend drinking black tea earlier in the day and green tea later in the day, so that caffeine doesn’t interfere with your sleeping habits. Be smart with sweeteners, however!

Nuts Help Control Cholesterol

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Nuts are one of the best sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids which help elevate your HDL Cholesterol and suppress your LDL Cholesterol. Some of the best sources are pistachios, walnuts, and almonds. They make a great between-meal snack, and a good way to add healthy fat to a salad.

Of course, you want to choose nuts that are low in salt, because too much salt can negatively impact blood pressure. It’s also important to not overeat nuts, because they are densely nutritious and good for cholesterol, but they also contain a lot of calories. We recommend about one and a half ounces, the equivalent of a third of a cup of almonds.

Whole Grains Control Blood Sugar and Cholesterol

One of the big issues with the American diet is that we have forgone the complex foods that we once ate for their highly processed alternatives. And nowhere is this more the case than with grain. Brown rice, oatmeal, and barley are high in soluble fiber, which balances cholesterol levels because it slows down the volume of LDL Cholesterol that the digestive system is able to draw from the diet.

Most people are on the right track, but simply choose the wrong types of grains. Instead of white rice, choose brown rice. Instead of your regular old pasta, turn to whole grain pasta. If you are a fan of oatmeal, add apples and bananas to your breakfast, or other fruits that are very high in fiber.

Cold-Water Fish High in Healthy Fats

Part of maintaining healthy cholesterol levels is including potent sources of Omega-Three Fatty Acids, and cold-water fish are one of the best sources for these nutrients. Some great options available are halibut, sardines, tuna, and salmon. In order to get the ideal benefits, you need to include about eight ounces of these fish to your diet each week. Remember that the way you cook your food is just as important as the food you eat. We definitely don’t recommend frying your fish.

Heart-Healthy Oils for Balanced Cholesterol

If you are having issues with your cholesterol balance, this is a sign that you are eating too much fat from animal sources as compared to plant sources. Olive oil and canola oil are awesome alternatives for lard and butter which can help you balance your meal while adding wonderful texture to your foods.

If you are looking for a good salad dressing, we recommend ditching the standard unhealthy dressings and simply drizzle your salad with olive oil and add some low-calorie flavors to supplement the oil, such as black pepper, chopped garlic, or red wine vinegar.

Soy Can Keep Your Heart Healthy

A good balance of protein vs. fat is a an effective way to balance cholesterol. One great way to do this is to include natural soy products into your daily routine. For example, twenty-five grams of tofu, soy milk, or edamame can reduce your cholesterol by five to six percent. These are all highly versatile snacks. Tofu can be an excellent substitute for meat in many dishes, soy milk can replace regular milk, and edamame makes a good snack or an excellent salad topping!

Of course, just because “soy” is in the name doesn’t mean that it’s the right choice. Soy sauce, for example, is exceptionally high in salt, and should be used very sparingly, if at all. Also, men are recommended not to over-indulge in soy products, because it can have an inhibitive effect upon Testosterone, though not at reasonable levels of consumption.

Beans Improve Cholesterol Balance

Beans, as a class of food, are all very good at balancing and preserving healthy cholesterol. This is because all forms of beans contain exceptional levels of soluble fiber, which has the ability to circulate through the blood stream and absorb free cholesterol, after which it is filtered from the body. Research shows that five ounces of beans each day has the ability to drop LDL Cholesterol by around five percent.

Beans are also highly versatile and varied, and you can choose your bean based on your taste and your meal. Make hummus dip to eat with baked pita chips or fresh veggies. Make a burrito with black beans and lean chicken. There are even breads available with beans as a primary ingredient!

Fiber-Rich Fruits Lower Bad Cholesterol

We’ve already mentioned bananas and apples in passing, but there are a wide variety of fruits which are capable of having a positive impact on your cholesterol balance. Some excellent examples are berries, lemons, oranges, pears, and apples. Apples are great if you are looking for a low-calorie, high density fiber source. Berries are good if you want to add flavonoids, and citrus fruits are a potent source of Vitamin C!

Eat Your Veggies for Healthy Cholesterol!

This may come as no surprise to you, but vegetables are incredibly healthy for you, and this includes for your cholesterol! Vegetables are awesome because, among any foods that you eat, they provide the most nutrition with the lowest calorie content, and they all contain a high concentration of fiber. Vegetables high in soluble fiber include cucumbers, mushrooms, carrots, celery, okra, and eggplant. Vegetables high in insoluble fiber include dark, leafy vegetables, onions, cabbage, celery, and zucchini.

Many Fortified Foods Are Designed Specially for Your Cholesterol Health

Anyone that eats a healthy diet knows how important it is to include fresh sources of various nutrients to one’s diet, but there’s nothing wrong with supplementing your diet with fortified options which can also provide significant benefits. Many of these supplements are perfectly natural, including supplements which contain plant sterols. These are nutrients in many plant products which have the ability to inhibit the absorption of cholesterol.

These days, there are a wide variety of foods that contain plant sterols, from juices to yogurt to granola! Plant sterols are highly effective at reducing cholesterol. Research suggests that the total benefits ranges from six to fifteen percent. It’s still important to control your calories, but plant sterols are an important tool at your disposal.

With Time and Diligence, You Can Naturally Improve Your Cholesterol!

There you have it! By following the advice above, we are confident that you can take control of your cholesterol and improve your health. Remember, however, that you should never stop taking cholesterol medication without the recommendation of your general practitioner, but these steps can help you balance your cholesterol, a way to increase your heart health and drastically reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke, and various other conditions which can drastically affect your health, or even your life!

Testosterone Deficiency Strongly Linked to Heart Attack Risk in New Study

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There has been a lot of debate over the last decade regarding the effects of both Low-T and Testosterone Deficiency on the heart. Depending on the study and the manner in which the study was conducted, the results can come out quite differently.

A study published in Heart Rhythm, a peer-reviewed medical journal regarding cardiovascular health, provides strong evidence that a patient’s Estradiol and Testosterone Levels are powerful indicators for sudden cardiac arrest, a lethal condition with a 95% mortality rate.

What researchers found was that men that experienced cardiac arrest had average Testosterone Levels which were significantly lower than normal. It was also discovered that patients with elevated Estradiol Levels were more likely to experience cardiac arrest regardless of gender.

What Is Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac Arrest is a condition in which the heart loses the ability to contract normally, which completely restricts blood flow. This prevents the body from circulating oxygen through the blood stream which quickly leads to death if not treated.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest refers to Cardiac Arrest which occurs without warning. Because of the severity of the condition, under most circumstances, there is no way to provide effective treatment in time to save the patient, nor return the heart to working function in time to save the patient.

Cardiac Arrest as a whole has a lower mortality rate, though is still quite lethal, because the condition often occurs in a hospital environment where immediate treatment can be provided. It’s important to understand that Cardiac Arrest and Heart Attack are two specific conditions.

Cardiac Arrest vs. Heart Attack

A heart attack is a condition in which blood flow is restricted to the heart, but the muscle is still functional, whereas, in the case of Cardiac Arrest, blood is available for circulation, but the heart is not functioning properly, if at all. Heart Attacks are referred to medically and scientifically as Myocardial Infarctions.

Both of these conditions are distinct from heart failure, a condition in which the heart is limited in its capacity to encourage healthy circulation, but can still support the survival of the patient.

Because of the limited treatment options and the incredibly high mortality rate for Sudden Cardiac Arrest, there is an emphasis in medical research to find ways to reduce the risk of the condition in order to improve the long-term outcomes for at-risk patients.

How Widespread is Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Sudden Cardiac Arrest is one of the leading killers of Americans and men and women all across the world. As many as 300,000 people die of Sudden Cardiac Arrest in the United States annually, and the number is as high as five million globally.

Why is Cardiac Arrest So Much Worse than Heart Attack?

The majority of heart attacks happen because the Coronary Artery becomes so blocked that blood cannot adequately reach the heart. In many cases, this is not a total blockage, although in some cases, such as in the case of clotting, this blockage can become total.

Because Heart Attacks don’t always lead to total blockages, the patient can frequently survive long enough to receive treatment, because there is just enough blood circulation to keep them going. On the other hand, Cardiac Arrest completely stalls blood circulation, which must be treated in a matter of minutes before organ death starts to take place rapidly.

Also, Sudden Cardiac Arrest is a more complex issue than heart attack. A heart attack is like having a fuel pump with a clog in it. If you can flush the tube and free the blockage, the engine will still function normally as fuel returns to circulation. On the other hand, Sudden Cardiac Arrest is a problem with electrical signaling, and, outside of a clinical setting, or the luck of a defibrillator, blood circulation completely stops with no recourse.

Despite Decades of Research, Cardiac Arrest is Still Extremely Lethal

Generations of medical research have went into trying to discover a means by which to effectively treat and resuscitate patients that experience sudden cardiac arrest, but survival rates are still particularly grim. For patients with known heart issues, the best way to protect against cardiac arrest is with an ICD, or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. This device constantly monitors the heart, making sure that it sends electrical signals in its normal pattern. If something happens in which the heart falls out of pattern or goes into cardiac arrest, the ICD shocks the heart to restore normal rhythm patterns.

Using Medical Records to Uncover Cardiac Arrest Risk Factors

Researchers were able to come to these conclusions regarding Testosterone, Estradiol, and Sudden Cardiac Arrest by analyzing data collected from the Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study, conducted in Portland, Oregon. The study spanned sixteen hospitals and collected comprehensive data regarding patients that passed unexpectedly. The study was largely funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and the research leader was Dr. Sumeet Chugh. By analyzing data collected from patients that died unexpectedly, researchers hoped to uncover genetic defects, triggers, and other risk factors for sudden cardiac arrest and heart death.

Although previous studies have linked Testosterone Deficiency and Elevated Estradiol to increased cardiovascular risk in other ways, this is the first study which provides evidence that abnormal hormone balance is correlated with sudden cardiac arrest. Although the research needs to be corroborated through future study, this is strong evidence that Hormone Balance with regard to Testosterone and Estrogen may have a protective effect on the heart which helps to prevent Sudden Cardiac Arrest.

Chugh and his associates accumulated health data from 149 men and women that died of Sudden Cardiac Arrest. In order to establish control data, they also collected health information from 149 men and women that suffered from Coronary Artery Disease, but did not experience Sudden Cardiac Arrest.

Cardiac Arrest Risk and Testosterone in Men

What they discovered when analyzing the data was that men that died of Cardiac Arrest had average Serum Testosterone Concentration of 44 ng/dl, whereas patients that did not experience Cardiac Arrest had average levels of 54 ng/dl.

Cardiac Arrest Risk and Estradiol in Men

With regard to Estradiol Levels in men, those that died from Cardiac Arrest had Serum Estradiol Concentrations of 68 pg/ml, whereas those that did not experience the fatal condition had estradiol levels of 52 pg/ml.

Cardiac Arrest Risk and Estradiol in Women

The link between Estradiol and Cardiac Arrest Risk was also notable in female patients as well. Women that experienced Cardiac Arrest had Serum Estradiol Levels of 54 pg/ml, and the controls had an average of 36 pg/ml.

What Does This Data Mean?

Based on this data, there is a definite link between Cardiac Arrest Risk and Testosterone Deficiency / Elevated Estradiol Levels. Of course, the evidence does not point out the source of the correlation. It is equally feasible that conditions associated with Sudden Cardiac Arrest depress levels of Testosterone and increase Estrogen Levels in the blood stream, and it is also very possible that Low-T and Elevated Estrogen Levels create a cardiovascular environment more conducive to Sudden Cardiac Arrest.

If Testosterone and Estrogen Levels directly contribute to Sudden Cardiac Arrest risk, then Testosterone Replacement Therapy for men and Estrogen Blockers for both sexes may be a means by which to improve cardiovascular outcomes and reduce the risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest.

In the case that Testosterone Deficiency and Elevated Estrogen Levels are an indicator of Sudden Cardiac Arrest Risk, these levels may provide evidence which helps point future researchers in the right direction to discover further, direct causes of these lethal heart malfunctions. Further still, Testosterone Therapy or Estrogen Blockers may still protect the heart by protecting against these other more direct causes of heart malfunction.

Could Hormone Therapy Improve Heart Health and Reduce Cardiovascular Risk?

Of course, there are still important questions which have to be more sufficiently answered with regard to Testosterone Therapy’s effects upon the cardiovascular system, as well as those of Estrogen Blockers. For example, some studies have shown that Testosterone Therapy increases the risk of heart attack, especially in the initial months of treatment. Most of these studies, however, suggest that the heart attack risk is caused by an associated increase in Estradiol Levels caused by the Testosterone Therapy itself, or the result of Polycythemia, which increases the risk of blood clotting.

In both of these cases, Testosterone itself still seems to have a protective effect upon cardiovascular function, but it’s benefits are suppressed by the effects of Polycythemia and increased Estradiol Levels. Both of these side-effects can be effectively treated, however, which still provides hope that Testosterone Therapy can be an effective weapon at the disposal of medical doctors in their efforts to protect the hearts of their patients.

Estrogen Blockers can keep Estradiol Levels in check, suppressing the conversion process which causes excess Testosterone from being converted into Estrogen. Polycythemia can also be effectively treated as well, in this case, without medication. The best treatment to keep Red Blood Cell Count in check is simply blood donation.

Ten Simple Steps That You Can Take To Knock Out Stress

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A lot of people think of stress as simply a psychological issue, but it actually affects both your body and mind. Chronic stress increases your risk for a countless number of physiological disorders from obesity to hypertension, and most people don’t realize the absolutely amazing impact that controlling and mitigating stress can have on your mind, body, and soul.

Although there are some major steps you can take to control high levels of anxiety and stress, including medical treatment, there are a lot of little things that you can do to deflate stress before it becomes problematic, or reduce stress in your life by recognizing that stress and making the conscious effort to overcome it.

Chewing Gum Can Help Alleviate Stress

Scientific research has shown that chewing gum can help alleviate both stress and anxiety. A study conducted in Japan shows that chewing gum for ten minutes has the ability to help control physiological factors associated with stress, as well as reducing feelings of stress in the minds of the participants. Specifically, chewing gum was shown to reduce cortisol levels in the blood stream, one of the primary stress hormones produced by the body. Researchers also hypothesize that chewing gum can provide these benefits in other ways, including improving circulation to the brain via motor activity.

Spending Time Outside Can Alleviate Stress

This is sometimes referred to as Forest Therapy. For reasons that are not entirely clear, both body and mind respond to being outside and experiencing nature. This is another concept that comes from Japan, and research shows that spending time in the outdoors has the ability to both suppress cortisol levels and improve blood pressure. There is even evidence that spending time outdoors can help promote better immune system function by boosting the production of NK Cells which are important in both preventing cancer and fighting off infection. Research shows that spending a weekend in the forest has the ability to boost the activity of NK Cells by fifty percent, and the benefits persist for as long as a month.

Take the Time to Smile!

The way that humans respond to positive experience is through the act of smiling. It makes sense that people that know how to keep a smile on their face are more likely to be less stressed. Interestingly enough, smiling appears to be both a response to happiness and actually a mechanism by which we alleviate stress. From an evolutionary perspective, this makes sense, because smiling, as well as laughing, are both a mechanism of deescalation and a sign that individuals mean no harm to one another. Even a forced smile has the ability to reduce the influence of stress at a physiological level. Also, if you find yourself caught up in stress, the act of smiling has been shown to help bring heart rate back down to normal more quickly after conditions have improved.

Lavender Naturally Dissolves Anxiety

Scent may seem like the most primitive sense that human beings experience, but evolutionary evidence shows that scent was likely the first sense that living organisms developed. Scent is a mechanism by which animals can directly and immediately respond to chemical stimuli. It makes sense that scent, although it has given way to the other senses in terms of importance, still has a powerful effect on human psychology.

For example, certain scents, such as lavender, have an innately calming effect on the human mind. Research has shown that simply wearing a vial of lavender oil has the ability to mitigate stress. Lavender sends such strong chemical signals simply through scent, that it can boost the power of both anti-anxiety drugs and painkillers. This effect is so pronounced that anyone that uses these medications should discuss lavender therapy with their physician.

Listen to Music to Alleviate Stress

Human beings respond powerfully to music, and it’s clear that this has been true for the entirety of our existence. There is even evidence that animals respond positively to musical stimulation. In one study, participants in two groups either listened to the sound of a rippling stream (another proven stress modulator) or to peaceful music. They found that people that listened to such music before engaging in a stressful activity experienced less stress than their counterparts.

Research has shown that pleasant music has the ability to suppress the production of cortisol. The opposite is also true. People that are highly stressed have trouble listening to and enjoying music. If you are feeling a bit stressed, take the time to force yourself to listen to some music and it will likely lead to stress reduction. Listening to music also improves blood pressure and slows down heart rate.

Focused Breathing Can Alleviate Stress

When we get stressed out, it has a natural impact on our breathing patterns. Breathing speeds up, in preparation for our response to stressors. Our ancestors responded to stress with action, but today, the modern lifestyle can create an environment of constant, abstract stress that our bodies prepare for but can’t overcome by natural means. By making the effort to focus on breathing, and subverting the subconscious breathing pattern associated with stress, it is possible to mitigate and alleviate that stress. In order to alleviate this stress, take yourself somewhere that exudes peace and quiet for you, personally.

Breath in deeply, hold the breath for a few moments, and slowly exhale. When you breath in, take the air in and allow your chest to expand. Focus on breathing through your nose. Research shows that nasal breathing improves lung capacity and improves the circulation of both oxygen and carbon dioxide. In order to maximize the benefit, try to take ten minutes out of your day for this breathing exercise.

Focus on the Positive Within Yourself to Alleviate Anxiety

Everyone knows what it’s like to be too hard on oneself, and how that can impact both self-perception and stress levels. If you find yourself getting caught in a spiral associated with your perception of your self worth, take control of your mind and allow yourself to love and appreciate the good things about yourself. By honestly taking stock of yourself and the positive things that you have to offer, you can safeguard yourself from stress and promote an improved mind state.

Put Your Thoughts on Paper to Alleviate Stress

A big problem with stress is that we get so caught up in our problems, we lose the perspective to be able to resolve them. One way to resolve this issue and force yourself to take your anxiety from the abstract to the concrete is to get a notebook or laptop and write or type your problems out. By putting your thoughts and feelings down on paper you can separate yourself from your problems a bit and make plans to resolve and mitigate that stress. The key to successfully using this technique is honesty. You have to bear yourself out on the page so that you can deal with your problems most effectively.

Talk to a Friend to Reduce Anxiety

It’s easy to let yourself get caught up in anxiety and depressive thoughts. These thoughts may make it hard to believe that there are people that are there for you that want to hear your problems. It’s important to fight this cycle, because if you hold your thoughts and feelings inside, it can only lead to bigger problems later on. Sometimes, all it takes is a phone call with a good friend to get all the thoughts and feelings trapped inside you out. And your friend likely has some healthy opinions which can help you put your thoughts in perspective.

Exercise to Take Control of Your Anxiety

Psychological and physical stress are intrinsically connected. If you are feeling caught up in your own mind and stressed out, one of the best ways to combat that stress is to go for a walk or a jog, or going to the gym to lift some weights. Exercise releases endorphins, which suppress stress and promote positive feelings. Exercise is an act of physical expression, and the benefits of physical release bear remarkable similarity to those of emotional release.

Exercise Optimizes Testosterone Production

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As a man, it’s important to recognize that your body goes through certain changes as you grow older. The changes that a man goes through are not entirely unlike those which a woman go through, in a way. Male health is largely associated with Testosterone Levels, and as men get closer to middle age, their Testosterone Production starts to drop, first slowly, then at a faster rate. Eventually men start to feel these changes in their mind and see the changes in their body. When Testosterone Decline starts to become symptomatic, this is a condition known as Andropause, but also known as Low-T or Hypogonadism.

Symptoms of Low-T and Testosterone Deficiency

Testosterone Deficiency has a wide variety of symptoms associated with it, but there are five symptoms that you really need to look out for:

  • Depression and Anxiety
  • Fatigue and Exhaustion
  • Declining Libido and Sexual Function
  • Loss of Muscle Strength and Tone
  • Buildup of Unwanted Body Fat

Low-T Diagnosis Requires Lab Testing

Of course, many of these symptoms share similarities with other disorders. These can also simply be the symptoms of a sedentary man just getting himself in a rut. If you feel that you are experiencing the symptoms above, it would do you some good to go visit a qualified physician and request to have your Testosterone Levels Tested.

Low-T Testing has become much more accurate over the last decade, as methods to analyze both Total and Free Testosterone have become more sophisticated. Because of this, its easier for your doctor to give you a direct diagnosis without having to rely simply on his intuition and your symptoms.

Testosterone Deficiency Contributes to Various Health and Mortality Risks

Testosterone Deficiency is associated with a number of other conditions, including coronary artery disease, hypertension, depression, and diabetes. These conditions all share symptoms with Low-T, and also, men with Testosterone Deficiency are at increased risk of these conditions as well.

This is why diagnosing Testosterone Deficiency with any sort of certainty requires blood testing—There’s no way to tell, just from the symptoms, that you are suffering from Low-T, other than the fact that people with Low Testosterone Levels are more likely to experience these health issues.

Hormone Therapy has long been used by women suffering from issues related to menopause, but it has only been in the last ten to fifteen years where Testosterone Therapy for Low-T has become more widespread. Perhaps it’s because for women, Menopause is much more sudden than male Andropause, or perhaps it’s because men don’t seek help for age-related health issues as regularly as women. Whatever the cause, men are benefiting from Andropause Treatment like never before.

With Testosterone Replacement Therapy, it is possible to mitigate and overcome the symptoms of Low-T, and live a life of greater vitality strength, and lust for life.

Testosterone Deficiency Has a Number of Causes and Can Occur at Any Age

Although most men think of Low-T as an older man’s disease, the condition actually affects men of all ages for a variety of reasons. Sometimes it’s genetic, other times it’s the result of issues like testicular cancer or trauma. In these cases, the only way to improve your Testosterone Levels is through Bio-Identical Testosterone Therapy. Most men with Testosterone Deficiency suffer from Andropause or Age-Related Testosterone Deficiency, however. As you grow older, the threshold of maximum Testosterone Production that your body can reach naturally continues to decline, but you can maximize your Testosterone Levels at any age by engaging in an active lifestyle with a healthy exercise routine.

The way that our bodies work, our bodies release high concentrations of Testosterone after a workout, and the level of Testosterone Released depends on how hard and completely we work our muscles. Clinical research shows that a workout boosts Testosterone concentrations in the blood stream from fifteen minutes to an hour. These peaks in Testosterone Level are hypothesized to help sustain hormone balance and overall health.

For men with Clinically Low Testosterone, even exercise isn’t enough to stimulate elevated Testosterone Production, but for men with Testosterone Levels that are normal or borderline, exercise enhances Testosterone Concentrations in the blood stream, which provides a number of worthwhile benefits, helping to sustain physical, psychological, and sexual health.

What Parameters Impact the Body’s Ability to Produce Testosterone?

There are 4 primary factors which affect your Testosterone Production:

  • Age—The older that we get, the less our bodies are able to naturally produce those Testosterone spikes associated with exercise. Exercise still promotes elevated Testosterone Production, and promotes balance, healthy body composition, strength, and bone mineral density.
  • Weight—The bigger that we are, the harder it is for our bodies to produce enough Testosterone to meet our needs. This is because body fat naturally converts Testosterone to Estrogen, and promotes other factors which inhibit Testosterone Production. Keep off the weight to keep Testosterone Levels as high as possible.
  • Time—Testosterone Concentrations reach their peak in the couple of hours after you wake up in the morning, until around 10am. They fall to their lowest point after lunch in the afternoon. Studies have shown that engaging in anaerobic exercise in the late afternoon or early evening has the strongest impact on Testosterone Production.
  • Overall Fitness—The level of Testosterone your body produces depends on your activity level. If you live a sedentary lifestyle, your Testosterone Levels will remain low. When you first start an active exercise regimen, your Testosterone Production spikes hard because your body isn’t used to it, and then Testosterone spikes balance out as you become more fit.

How to Optimize Your Testosterone Production with Exercise

Any form of exercise that you engage in has a positive impact on your Testosterone Production. Both anaerobic exercise and cardiovascular endurance-based workouts will give you a boost. Experts in exercise science have discovered that taking these steps can help you squeeze the most Testosterone out of your workout:

  • Don’t take long breaks between exercises or sets.
  • Focus on slow, steady reps with higher weight, rather than quick reps with lower weight. Shorter sets are preferred over longer sets when done correctly.
  • Engage in exercises which work out entire muscle groups and emphasize balance. This helps you work out muscles all over the body, and the more muscle groups you work, the more Testosterone you produce.
  • Always give your body time to recover. Alternate between muscle groups and always give the different groups 48 hours of rest.

In order to sustain your total health, it’s important to encourage flexibility, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. It’s also important to recognize that a healthy diet is a key component of an ideal workout regimen.

If you are out of practice, take it easy and develop your training regimen as you go in order to mitigate the risks associated with rapid changes in activity level. Also, don’t work yourself too hard. If you push yourself past your personal limits, this actually works against you and can prevent your Testosterone Production from reaching its peak!

Clomiphene Citrate for Low-T

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Clomiphene Citrate is an alternative to Testosterone Replacement Therapy for men looking for a way to safely restore their Testosterone Levels and improve their health, vitality, and sexual potency. It has helped many men across the country restore both their fertility and their erectile function, as well as improve their overall health and vitality. Although Clomiphene Citrate is available as a generic medication, it can also be found under the brand names Serophene and Clomid.

Clomiphene Citrate was originally designed to be a fertility drug for women, but ongoing research has shown that the hormone has a tremendous impact upon Testosterone Levels in men that are suffering from Andropause or any other form of Secondary Testosterone Deficiency.

How Does Clomiphene Citrate Work?

To understand how Clomiphene Citrate works, it’s important to understand the underlying mechanisms which promote healthy Testosterone production in male patients.

Testosterone Production is the result of a hormone cascade which starts at the Hypothalamus, which functions as the brain’s control center. When the Hypothalamus recognizes that the body needs Testosterone, it sends a hormone to the pituitary gland known as Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone. This hormone activates the production of two hormones both related to the healthy function of the Testes—Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone.

These hormones pass through the bloodstream down to the testes, which then produce both Testosterone and sperm.

So Where Does Clomiphene Citrate Fit In?

Clomiphene Citrate is a pharmaceutical medication that is known as a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator. Remember the first step of the cascade? The Hypothalamus uses Estrogen in order to get a grip on how much Testosterone is currently circulating through the body. Adipose fat tissue has enzymes designed to convert Testosterone into Estrogen (there are other mechanisms at play as well), and when activation sites are triggered in the Hypothalamus by Estrogen, the Hypothalamus responds by reducing the level of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone that it releases, thereby restricting Testosterone Production.

Clomiphene Citrate bonds to these activation sites that would normally respond to Estrogen, but does not “flip the switch” that tells the hypothalamus to suppress Testosterone Precursor release, thereby increasing Testosterone Production.

Clomiphene Citrate Vs. Testosterone Therapy

Both forms of therapy are highly effective at restoring Testosterone Production, so why would someone turn to Clomiphene Citrate when they could get the real thing?

There are many patients for whom Clomiphene Citrate is the superior choice of the two options. For example, men that are interested in having children in the near future are actually doing themselves a disservice by using Testosterone. This is because Bio-Identical Testosterone actually reduces fertility for the duration of treatment, and fertility slowly returns after the therapy is suspended.

This is because when exogenous Testosterone is introduced to the body, it triggers the Hypothalamus to limit the production of Testosterone Precursors, including Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone. This doesn’t have a major impact on male health, because, outside of their relationship to Testosterone, both of these hormones are only really associated with fertility inside the male body.

Unfortunately, if the body is not producing enough of these two hormones, then the testes don’t get the signal to produce sperm. Sperm concentration and quality slowly declines the longer that you take Testosterone, until you are more or less infertile until you quit therapy.

Clomiphene Supports the Natural Hormone Rhythms of the Body

Clomiphene Citrate more naturally restores Testosterone Levels than Bio-Identical Testosterone, because it maintains the normal cycle of Testosterone Production. All of the hormones that your body normally produces continue being made, and you protect your fertility.

Also, many people prefer Clomiphene Citrate because it is cheaper. There are two reasons for this. First, Clomiphene is available in generic form, as many forms of Testosterone Therapy (including Testosterone Patches and Creams) are only available in patented forms.

Second, Clomiphene Citrate is less expensive because it is available in a pill form, unlike Testosterone Therapy. Bio-Identical Testosterone cannot effectively pass through the digestive system and must be delivered either by injection or via absorption.

Testosterone Therapy with HCG

Of course, there is a way to take Bio-Identical Testosterone Treatment while sustaining your fertility and natural capability to produce Testosterone. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is a recombinant hormone which is not produced by men, but has the ability to stimulate the production of both sperm and Testosterone by the Testes. This is because HCG is biologically and functionally similar to Luteinizing Hormone, and thus has the ability to promote fertility even though the brain is producing less of other Testosterone Precursors.

In fact, HCG is often prescribed at the end of Testosterone Therapy or between cycles in order to stimulate the Testes to return to normal function when the patient stops taking Testosterone.

Clomiphene vs. Enclomiphene

Currently, there is an alternative to Clomiphene under clinical trial known as Enclomiphene. Clomiphene is actually a combination of two Geometric Isomers, meaning that the two molecules are structurally identical, except for the rotation of their configuration. The two components of Clomiphene Citrate are Zuclomiphene and Enclomiphene.

Zuclomiphene is believed to inhibit the benefits of Enclomiphene for men slightly, and clinical research shows that Enclomiphene Citrate is moderately more effective than Clomiphene Citrate at improving male fertility and Testosterone Production. In the coming years, it is likely that Enclomiphene will be available with a prescription as a viable treatment option for Low-T and Andropause.

Clomiphene Citrate is not FDA-Approved for Testosterone Therapy

While it is true that Clomiphene has not been given the Food and Drug Administration seal of approval for Low-T, there is ample evidence, in the form of off-label prescription, that Clomiphene is a highly effective means of Testosterone Restoration. The reason why it has not been approved is more a matter of financial incentive than any potential issues with the treatment. Clomiphene has long passed into generic availability, so there is little incentive for a pharmaceutical company to pay the millions of dollars necessary to foot FDA clinical evaluation to get it approved for therapy.

Clomiphene Citrate has been used for more than fifty years, and there is a low instance of side-effects, most of which are mild. Many even consider Clomiphene to be safer than Bio-Identical Testosterone for Low-T.

Consider Your Options and Talk to Your Doctor About All of the Options Available to You as a Patient

Because of the popularity of Testosterone Therapy today, your doctor may assume that you are interested in Low-T treatment and overlook other potential options. If you are interested in Clomiphene Citrate, ask your physician about his or her opinion of the medication. If you are experiencing Fertility issues related to your Testosterone Deficiency, or if you are just looking for a safe and cost-effective form of treatment, Clomiphene Citrate may be right for you!

13 Issues That Can Kill Your Libido

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A healthy sex life is one of the most important things in a loving relationship, but there are many issues that can inhibit your libido and prevent you from getting the most out of your romantic experiences with your significant other. The following are 13 issues which can reduce your sex drive and cause a romantic rift between you and your partner.

Relationship Problems Can Make Romance Hard to Come By

If you are having issues sexually with your partner, it may be time to take a step back and think about your relationship. Have you been fighting lately? Are you having trouble communicating? You might be frustrated over your relationship and not even fully realize the effect that it’s having on your sexual desire for one another.

Think about what made your relationship so strong in the past and take steps to restore the fading passion that you’ve been experiencing. Sometimes this can be as easy as a long, intimate talk, but if things are really rocky, you may benefit most from an ongoing appointment with a relationship specialist.

Stress Can Make it Hard to Enjoy Sex

You may not realize it, but chronic stress wreaks havoc on your body, mind, and soul. It causes your hormones to go out of balance and it increases the risk of a wide variety of medical conditions, in addition to just potentially making your life a struggle. Stress can cause your libido to sink like a stone. It’s hard to appreciate and enjoy sexual activity when you have a dozen other things on your mind, weighing you down.

There are a lot of things you can do to help relieve the stress and bring your libido back to normal, however. Try adding exercise to your daily routine, for example. Physical activity is a natural vent for stress. Activities like meditation and yoga can also go a long way in alleviating your stress, by helping you take control of your mind and body.

Finally, if stress feels insurmountable to you, you can always talk to a physician or psychiatrist. There are good medications on the market that are highly effective in relieving stress in patients suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and other psychological conditions associated with sexual inhibition.

Excess Consumption of Alcohol Can Make Sex Feel Like a Chore

A little bit of alcohol can do wonders for a night out with your partner, because of the effect that it has on inhibition. A bit of alcohol can also boost your sex drive. Too much, however, and there’s a good chance that you’ll have issues getting sufficiently turned on to do the deed.

Alcohol abuse can also have an impact on your sex drive. Often, men that drink too much have major issues with Erectile Dysfunction relating directly to the depressant effects of Alcohol. Alcohol reduces activity levels in various parts of the brain, including those associated with sexual desire and function.

If you are looking for a way to avoid embarrassing issues at the end of your night, think about cutting yourself off after a few drinks. If you have regular issues with sexual functioning resulting from your drinking habits, make the conscious effort to curtail your drinking, and if you find yourself unable to do so, there are many support groups and facilities out there dedicated to helping you keep alcohol from taking over your life.

Sleep Disruption Inhibits Sex Drive

There are few things in this world that are more important than a good night’s sleep. Even though you have no consciousness of the fact, your brain and body are working overdrive while you sleep to keep your body healthy and in peak condition. If you don’t get the sleep you need over the course of the night, this can cause a number of problems which negatively impact your health. It can even ruin your sex drive.

For one thing, your body produces a lot of Testosterone at night, and Testosterone is the primary factor responsible for priming your body for sex. It’s even important for women! If you have issues getting a full night’s sleep, or you toss and turn through the night, your lack of interest in sex may very well be directly related to your sleeping issues.

Take responsible steps to promote healthy sleeping patterns. No caffeine after dark. No late meals. No heavy drinking. There are a lot of things that you can do to make your night’s sleep more restful. Also, if you are a heavy snorer or suffer from heavy fatigue in spite of sleeping eight hours or more, you may have sleep apnea, and if so, you can potentially experience life-changing results from treatment.

Children Can Make It Hard to Make Time For Romantic Affairs

This should come as no surprise, but having children can make it very hard to maintain an active and satisfying love life. There’s no amount of money you’d pay to have them taken back, but it’s hard to deny how much they get in the way of romance. There’s a lot of things that you can do to keep your sex life active, even with children, however.

Think about calling your babysitter to take care of the kids for the night so that you can have a night out with your significant other, to take time out of your life specifically for each other. If you both have flexible schedules, think about stealing a vacation or sick day away so you can spend time with your partner while the children are away at school. There are many creative ways that you can sprinkle the spice back into your love life.

Some Prescription Drugs Can Suppress Your Sex Drive

Prescription drugs are complicated, and often impact systems other than those they are intended to treat. Many of these medications have side effects related to sexual function and libido. Luckily, there are often multiple drugs that can treat the some condition, and by changing medications, it is possible to avoid these symptoms. For other drugs, sexual dysfunction is a sign of overdose, and by dialing back the dosage, it is possible to get all the benefits of your medication without the sexual side effects.

These are some of the most common drugs that can cause issues with your sex drive:

  • Selective-Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
  • Blood Pressure Medications
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Cancer Treatment
  • HIV Treatment
  • Finasteride

Self-Perception Plays A Role In Libido

A healthy libido isn’t all about your desire for your partner, it’s also about appreciating your own body If you don’t feel comfortable in your own skin, this can make it difficult for you to get yourself in a state where you can allow yourself to enjoy sex. It often has nothing to do with your significant other, who may love you absolutely and want you no matter how you look. It all has to do with what’s going on between your own ears.

There are a few awesome ways to take control of your self-image. For one, you can take the time to think about your body and learn to appreciate it. Many people with body-issues are perfectly beautiful or handsome, they just don’t take the time to see it. Second, if there are some things you would like to see change, take the time to be proactive and improve your health and body composition. Start working out. Start eating better. Schedule time with a personal trainer. Whatever it takes!

If you love someone with body issues just the way they are, take the time to appreciate their bodies and let them know you love them just the way they are. Don’t go overboard, however, because this can backfire. Also, if they do want to improve their body, be supportive. Think about joining them in their quest!

Obesity Can Obstruct Sexual Drive and Function

Being significantly overweight hinders your health and wellness in a wide variety of ways. Obesity reduces your aerobic capacity in the bedroom, making active sex a lot of effort. It can also get in your head. If you don’t appreciate your body, it can make it difficult for you to believe that others can appreciate it as well, which can lead to severe issues with intimacy.

Obesity also contributes to Low-T, because your adipose fat cells naturally convert Testosterone into female sex hormones, because these cells contain Aromatase, an enzyme designed to create Estrogen from Testosterone. The more bodyfat that you carry, the more Testosterone that you will lose through this conversion, which also impacts sexual desire and ability.

If you are overweight, make the real and conscious decision to take off the pounds if you want to improve your sex life and also potentially add years to your life. If you find it difficult to achieve on your own, make an appointment with a licensed nutritionist or a physician that can help you explore your weight loss options.

Erectile Dysfunction Deflates Sexual Confidence

If you suffer from Erectile Dysfunction for any reason, this can have a devastating effect upon your sexual confidence. Even if the desire is there, your fear of not being able to seal the deal may make you afraid of trying to engage in sex with your partner. Over time, this inhibition can cause your sexual frustration to give way to sexual apathy.

Luckily, there are a lot of treatments out there that can treat Erectile Dysfunction and get you back in gear for sex. Drugs like Viagra and Cialis are always an option, but strongly consider getting tested for Testosterone Deficiency before turning to popular ED Drugs, because you may just be treating the symptoms rather than the root cause of Sexual Insufficiency.

Testosterone Deficiency is correlated with a number of other issues which can powerfully impact your health, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes. By combining your treatment with smart lifestyle choices, you can vastly improve your health.

Low-T Inhibits Sex Drive

Testosterone is the be-all, end-all with regard to sex. Without Testosterone, neither men nor women would be able to generate sexual desire, nor would their bodies be prepared for sexual activity. The problem with Testosterone is that, even though it plays this vital role, our bodies lose the ability to produce it over time.

Testosterone Deficiency is a slow, yet insidious, process that begins around thirty years of age among men. Low-T starts to become an issue for women in the years leading up to Menopause and beyond. It often takes years for Low-T to become problematic, but when it does, it can have a devastating effect upon your sex life.

If you feel that Testosterone Deficiency is suppressing your desire for sex and romantic activity, Bio-Identical Testosterone Therapy can help lovers of both sexes return to levels of intimacy that they once experienced in the early years of their relationship.

Depression Can Suffocate Sex Drive

We mentioned stress earlier, but depression can also have a major impact on your ability to enjoy the love and companionship of your partner. It can also reduce your interest in sex. If you don’t have the ability to appreciate yourself and love your self, it can be difficult to believe that others can feel strongly for you.

If you think that you may be a victim of depression, there’s no sense in living with it. Understand that often, depression is more the result of our biology than our circumstances, and that by treating depression, you can open up new doors and avenues in your life, as well as allow yourself to engage in romantic activities more fruitfully.

It’s important to realize, during treatment, that there are some drugs that can inhibit libido in certain patients. If you experience a drop in libido resulting from your medication, then your doctor can prescribe you with an alternative that can improve your psychological balance while restoring and sustaining your sex drive.

Menopause Can Alter Your Libido

Menopause causes a lot of changes in a woman’s life, and often, it leads to diminished sexual desire. This isn’t a universal symptom of the disorder, but many women start to experience issues in generating desire during this period. This loss of desire can also extend into issues of sexual function. Women need to experience arousal just like men do to be ready for sex. If not, sex can be uncomfortable or even painful, due to vaginal dryness and other issues.

Many women struggle with sexual desire during Menopause because of psychological issues. Making the effort to keep yourself feeling fit and attractive during this period can help keep your sex drive active during this turbulent time. If this is not enough, Hormone Replacement Therapy may be the best option for your sexual health.

Sex Drive Is Sometimes Hindered By a Lack of Romantic Intimacy

A big part of a healthy sex life is the love and passion that you share with your partner. This goes beyond just sex, it has to do with the way that you experience life together. If a couple doesn’t spend enough time together, this can lead to issues generating sexual desire during the time that you do share.

In order to foster a healthy sexual relationship, it’s important to take the time to remind each other why you enjoy each other in other ways, because it’s not just about sex. Take the time to go out on a date. Go to the beach for the weekend on a whim. Just try being more open with your lover in order to increase the intimacy of your relationship.

Testosterone and Aggression: How T-Levels Impact Human Response to External, Social Threats

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Testosterone, as most people know, is the primary male sex hormone, and is associated with many characteristics which are classically considered to be masculine, among these is a predilection toward aggression. A recent study, led by Dr. Justin Carré of Nipissing University and published in the journal Biological Psychology, provides neurological evidence of the mechanism by which Testosterone exerts its influence upon aggression.

Other, earlier research discovered that Testosterone administration affects neurological function, but prior studies were performed on female patients. In those studies, women were provided a one-time dose of Testosterone to monitor the way that it impacted neurological expression.

The goal of Carré’s study was to investigate how such Testosterone administration would affect male neurological expression, in comparison to its effects upon the female brain. In particular, Carré wanted to examine how the male brain responds to threats when Testosterone Levels are artificially enhanced in healthy males.

Testosterone, Threat Perception, and the Human Brain

In particular, the researchers placed special emphasis on parts of the brain the are associated with aggression and threat response, such as the periaqueductal gray, the hypothalamus, and the amygdala.

This study involved sixteen patients, all male, and with no signs of illness. They underwent two evaluations, in which they were either provided placebo or a dose of Testosterone. In order to limit the background noise caused by their natural Testosterone Production, all patients were given a medication which dropped their natural Testosterone Production. This also acted as a control mechanism, leading all sixteen patients to have very similar Testosterone Levels prior to experimentation.

The dose of Testosterone given to the participants was only enough to restore physiologically normal Testosterone Levels, in order to evaluate the effect of clinically normal Testosterone Levels upon fear and threat response.

After the participant received their dose of placebo or Testosterone, they entered an MRI machine and performed a face-matching test while their brains were monitored. In this test, the subjects were evaluated in regard to how they perceived a sense of threat in the faces they were presented with.

Testosterone Increases Sensitivity to Perceived Threats

When the MRI data was examined, the results showed that men that were given Testosterone responded to angry faces with heightened activity in all three areas most associated with threat perception—the periaqueductal grey, the hypothalamus, and the amygdala. Testosterone Suppression limited the ability of the placebo patients to perceive threat.

This study represents the first research that definitively links normal Testosterone Levels to the brain’s readiness to perceive aggression and threats. Based on this framework, it will be possible to increase our knowledge of how Testosterone affects other aspects of aggression and the way that humans respond to threats, in particular, the way that Testosterone activates and impacts fight-or-flight mechanisms.

Understanding the Psychological Influence of Testosterone

Because Testosterone Therapy is experiencing a continuing surge of popularity, it has increased the importance of studying other aspects of how Testosterone impacts psychology and physiology. Testosterone Injections, Pills, and Creams are commonly prescribed to men suffering from issues related to sexual dysfunction and age-related decline, so the more advanced that our knowledge of the hormone and its functions becomes, the more effectively we will be able to use Bio-Identical Testosterone Treatments in the safest and most effective ways possible.

Testosterone and Aggression Study Discussion

In the last ten years, new technology that allows patients to both view and respond to data in an MRI machine has led to great advancements in our scientific knowledge. In this case, it allows researchers to evaluate how human beings respond to threats at a neurological level, and how Testosterone impacts that threat response.

This study provides distinct evidence that Testosterone leads to a significant increase in activity in the key parts of the brain that control aggression. Testosterone, like many other hormones, plays a role in the way that humans (and males of other species) respond to each other. Testosterone amplifies the brains reactivity to threatening facial expressions made by other males.

Testosterone and the Amygdala

The particular area of the amygdala that responded most significantly is known as the centromedial region. The central nucleus of the amygdala is an important threat processing center which elevates physical and psychological response to aggression via its links to cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain, brain stem, and hypothalamus. Other researchers have hypothesized that Testosterone production increases activity in the medial amygdala, which directly leads to an increase in aggressive perception and response.

Animal research supports this notion. In studies involving cats, the artificial activation of the medial amygdala leads directly to an increase in highly aggressive behavior. Stimulation of this area leads directly to the stimulation of areas of the Periaqueductal Grey and the Hypothalamus associated with aggression.

Amygdala Sensitive to Sex Hormones

Both of these areas have receptors which respond to both estrogenic and androgenic hormones, meaning that the amygdala conceives of aggression and the Periaqueductal Grey and the Hypothalamus respond to those signals in direct correlation with the activity of sex hormones in the brain. This is the mechanism by which a person sees a threat, and is conditioned to respond to it.

Most similar research with regard to this study has involved the effects of Testosterone on threat perception in women. Also, these earlier studies were more concerned with how Testosterone impacts threat perception four hours or more after Testosterone is administered.

This study, on the other hand, examined the effects of Testosterone (and lack of Testosterone) on threat perception after a shorter period of time, with participants being evaluated ninety minutes after they were provided Testosterone or placebo. Whereas certain aspects of Testosterone do take four hours or more to become apparent, the effect upon the amygdala takes place more rapidly, in 45 minutes or less.

How Could Different Testosterone Levels Impact Threat Perception?

The results of this study do provide some strong evidence with regard to how Testosterone impacts social interaction and aggression, but there is room for further clarification. For example, in this study, Testosterone Gel Treatment was only intended to boost Testosterone Levels to what is clinically considered to be the low end of the normal range.

In the previous studies which were conducted on female patients, Testosterone Levels were increased to a greater level. Based on what we know about Testosterone and the male brain, one could hypothesize that a higher dose of Testosterone would increase threat response to an even greater degree, and this would be an excellent future study.

Although this particular Testosterone study does differ from its predecessor in terms of Testosterone dosage, all of these studies show that Testosterone encourages activity in parts of the brain associated with threat assessment and fear. It will be important to see how different levels of Testosterone impact threat response. It will add to the current body of knowledge and provide a more exact context for how Testosterone impacts psychological and physiological response as it is related to fear.

Testosterone Did Not Affect Neurological Response to Less Threatening Expressions

Testosterone appears to affect threat response only when the face perceived by the subject reflected anger and aggression. Testosterone did not cause spikes in activity in threat-associated brain regions when the subjects looked at pictures of scared or surprised individuals. In this particular study, threat response was associated with an increase in activity in the area of the Hypothalamus associated with fear.

At this point, although it is clear that activity in these areas are associated with Testosterone and the presence of fearful stimuli, the research conducted does not provide any useful evidence regarding whether aggression-response is directly the result of these visual and neurological cues or if there is some other mediating factor that also plays a role.

This study clearly shows that increasing Testosterone Levels boosts neural activity in areas associated with threat response, but further research will have to be conducted in order to assess the level of aggression evoked by a threat stimulus mediated by elevated Testosterone Levels. With this, it will be possible to compare the relative activity of these threat-associated areas of the brain with corresponding feelings of aggression by the participants. Future research could take many of the protocols used in this study in order to assess neurological responses to other stimuli that are affected by Testosterone Levels, including cooperation and risk-taking.

Hormones and Psychology

Although we often like to think of our mind and our body as separate units, they actually function in synchronicity, and hormone balance plays an important role in maintaining physiological and psychological health. Here, we see how the presence or absence of Testosterone can significantly impact the way that our minds respond to aggressive stimuli.

Other research has shown how Testosterone is associated with a number of other factors, including libido, risk-taking, and financial success. As the body of research continues to grow, we will learn more about the underlying processes that allow Testosterone to contribute to better health and the expression of masculinity. One thing is for certain. The world would be a completely different place without Testosterone!

Could Civilization Have Been Formed as a Result of Declining Testosterone Levels in Males?

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A recent study conducted by a Duke Anthropologist provides stunning insights into the way that human civilization formed countless ages ago. In this study, nearly 1,500 modern and ancient skulls were measured and examined, and the conclusion is that modern males have much less Testosterone-related activity than their ancient counterparts, which likely played a role in mankind’s ability to form the large social groups which were needed to preclude modern civilization.

Testosterone Potent Psychological and Social Force in Today’s Society

Even today, Testosterone is a powerful force which impacts male personality. Men with more Testosterone are more assertive and more willing to take control of situations, whereas men with less Testosterone are more likely to be led and also to form more stable relationships with others.

Male Skull Structure has Evolved Over Time

The human skull structure of males changed dramatically since antiquity. Early men had strong, pronounced brows and more squarish heads, and as Testosterone Levels dropped, men began to form rounder, smoother skull and facial features. Based on medical research, this change can be almost universally attributed to a decline in the average Testosterone Activity of man over time.

Robert Cieri was the lead researcher of this study, and his work was monitored by Steven Churchill, an Anthropologist that teaches and conducts research for Duke University.

Were Physiological Changes the Result of Less Testosterone, or a Body Less Responsive to Testosterone?

There are multiple hypotheses regarding how this decline in Testosterone activity took place during antiquity, however. It could be that men began to produce less Testosterone than their ancestors, but it could also be possible that they just became less sensitive to the influence of circulating Testosterone. Testosterone depends on receptor sites to produce effects, and if ancient men started to have fewer, the effects of Testosterone would be less pronounced in spite of similar Testosterone circulation.

Animal Research Important in Our Understanding of Testosterone and Aggression

Robert Cieri was not the only investigator in this study, he also had the assistance of Jingzhi Tan and Brian Hare, two researchers that specialize in animal psychology and cognition. Their expertise allowed Cieri to come to these competing hypotheses.

In particular, the researchers took into account a study of Siberian foxes. In this study, the foxes were bred to be more accepting to human interaction, and in the process, they experienced physiological changes that were not unlike those experienced by human beings as their Testosterone Levels declined. They became more docile, and were less anxious around humans.

The Social Interactions of Bonobos and Chimpanzees Are Intricately Connected to Testosterone

Dr. Hare also drew inferences from the differences among ape species, bonobos and chimpanzees in particular. Chimpanzees produce a lot of Testosterone and they are very aggressive and seek dominance, whereas bonobos are special among ape species because they are non-monogamous and there is far less aggression amongst males, a sign of their lower Testosterone Levels.

In ape species, there is interspecies evidence regarding the impact of Testosterone, and in the Siberian fox study, there is evidence that aggression can be bred out of a species, and as that decline occurs, Testosterone activity declines.

Bonobos Respond to Stress with Cortisol, Chimpanzees with Testosterone

Dr. Hare explains that bonobos and chimps live in very different social environments, mature differently, and react to stressors in their own unique ways. When male chimpanzees reach adolescence, their Testosterone Levels skyrocket, whereas bonobo chimps don’t experience the same burst of sex hormones.

The two species also react differently to stressors in a similar manner. When chimpanzees get stressed out, their brains respond by releasing Testosterone, which increases their aggression toward their peers, whereas bonobos release a burst of cortisol, a stress hormone which encourages them to ameliorate the situation and back down rather than get into fights.

Because of the dramatically different ways that their bodies use Testosterone, their physical features differ dramatically as a result. Male chimpanzees have big, set, brows, whereas male bonobos have smooth, rounded foreheads almost universally.

Skulls of Humans Throughout History Provide Evidence of the Changing Role of Testosterone

Whereas the other two researchers were brought in for their specialty with animals, Cieri’s purpose was to gather data from various skulls from different eras of human society. He compared the interior volume of the skull as well as the structure of the face and brow of human skulls from three different periods. He compared existing data on over 1,300 modern skulls from thirty different ethnic groups around the world to forty-one skulls from 10-38,000 years ago, then compared those to thirteen skulls that were from humans that lived over 80,000 years ago.

What he found after measuring their features was that, over time, the upper face shortened, and the brow became less pronounced. Both of these are strong signs that Testosterone became less active as humans continued to develop and evolve.

Human Beings Rapidly Developed Signs of Culture Around 50,000 Years Ago

Human beings as they exist today have been around for over 200,000 years. Although humans remained physically very similar over this time, at some point about 50,000 B.C.E, humans began to develop a number of techniques associated with enhanced learning and social interaction. They learned to control fire, they started to develop equipment capable of hunting birds and fish.

They started producing tools made of antler and bone, and even began to utilize grindstone to produce flint and projectiles. Things began to change very quickly for human beings during this period in a way that had not been seen previously. Finally, signs of culture as we know it today began to flourish during this period, as cave paintings and other forms of art began to appear across the human world.

Reduced Influence of Testosterone Likely Promoted Culture and Community

Based on his study of human skulls, Cieri makes the argument that a decline in Testosterone activity helped facilitate these changes, because it increased the ability for human males to cooperate and live in communities, thus allowing information and learning to spread more effectively. Cieri makes the salient point that for these tools to be created and passed down from generation to generation, human beings would have to be able to get along in away that their ancestors were far less capable of doing.

Human beings likely thrived and propagated on earth because they developed the capability to better control their aggression and hostility, allowing for the earthly dominance of modern man.

The Role of Testosterone Today

Today, people with high Testosterone are more likely to be confident and successful, and more likely to be leaders, but ironically, in the past, those qualities came from the tapering of the dominant influence of Testosterone. Today, Testosterone still plays a major role in dominance and hierarchy, but it is much more subtle than it was in our distant past.

When we look at the symptoms of Testosterone Abuse, we can see how excess Testosterone can inhibit cooperation and community. Rather than exuding confidence and assertiveness like men with youthful levels of Testosterone, men become quicker to anger and more prone to acts of physical and social aggression.

By learning more about humans have subtly changed over time, we gather valuable insight regarding how our physiological chemistry impacts the way that we live our lives today.

Clomiphene Citrate Information and Guide

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Clomiphene Information Guide

What is Clomiphene?

Clomiphene is a synthetic medication which has the ability to imitate the function of hormones produced by the human body known as Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs). In short, Clomiphene impacts the way that the hypothalamus registers Estrogen, in order to encourage the body to produce hormones related to ovulation in women and the production of Testosterone and sperm in men. There are three forms of Clomiphene available in the pharmaceutical market: Omifin, Clomid, and Androxal. Clomiphene is also available in generic form.

In the United States, the drug is named Clomiphene, but based on international standards, it is named Clomifene. This drug is taken orally, and, dependent upon the formulation, is a light yellow or white tablet.

Clomiphene and Female Fertility

Clomiphene was first used as a fertility treatment for women. There are two forms of infertility for which Clomiphene has proven exceptionally usefuloligoovulation and anovulation.

What is Oligoovulation?

Oligoovulation refers to ovulation which occurs irregularly or infrequently during the menstrual cycle. Under normal circumstances, women ovulate about two weeks into their menstrual cycle, but certain circumstances can get this release off track. In some cases, women only ovulate around once every fifty days or more, and under other circumstances, ovulation can simply occur at the wrong time of the cycle.

As a result of this irregularity, it is difficult for women to know exactly when conception is most possible. Clomiphene can help regulate this process, making ovulation occur more regularly and predictably.

What is Anovulation?

Anovulation is a condition in which the menstrual cycle occurs, but ovulation does not happen, which prevents the possibility of conception. Clomiphene is often used to encourage ovulation to take place in a normal fashion.

Clomiphene for General Infertility

There are strong clinical results for the use of Clomiphene for these purposes, but for fertility without known causes, the body of evidence is incomplete with regard to the effectiveness of Clomiphene Fertility Treatment.

However, there is evidence that Clomiphene can boost fertility in patients with unknown causes of infertility. Clinical studies have varied with regard to Clomiphene for this purpose. Under these circumstances, Clomiphene is shown to increase fertility to around a 5.6% chance of conception per menstrual cycle, an increase in fertility of 1.4%-4.3% dependent upon the study.

Clomiphene for Multi-Modal Fertility Treatment

Clomiphene Citrate is often combined with other forms of fertility treatment in order to further increase the odds of conception.

How is Clomiphene Prescribed for Women?

Generally, for female fertility treatment, Clomiphene Therapy begins at fifty milligrams per day for five days, beginning in the third, fourth, or fifth day of the menstrual cycle. In doing so, it encourages ovulation at a normalized and stable point of the menstrual cycle. In the week prior to ovulation, which will occur between the 15th and 18th day of the cycle, the couple should copulate frequently in order to optimize the chance of fertility success.

In many cases of feminine infertility, the physician will perform tests to monitor for the surge in Luteinizing Hormone which encourages ovulation and is spurred by Clomiphene, and these tests generally take place beginning on the day that the fifth dose of Clomiphene is taken, and are administered daily until ovulation occurs, as shown by affirmative Luteinizing Hormone Testing. If ovulation does not occur by the 18th day, the fertility doctor may force ovulation through a 10,000 IU dose of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, if there is a follicle of sufficient size for implantation.

Interestingly enough, HCG triggering is not as effective at inducing pregnancy as monitoring and waiting for the natural release of Luteinizing Hormone.

How Is Ovulation Monitored?

There are a number of ways to keep track of cycling induced by Clomiphene Citrate:

Vaginal Ultrasound Using ultrasound, it is possible to monitor the development of Ovarian Follicles necessary for implantation and which form preceding the release of the egg. Evidence of ovulation can also be obtained via ultrasound.

Luteinizing Hormone Testing Luteinizing Hormone Levels increase in the days preceding ovulation, or are artificially increased to induce ovulation.

Estradiol Levels These levels are generally tested four to six days after the last Clomiphene Dose, and can also provide evidence of impending ovulation.

Progesterone Levels Between seven and nine days past ovulation, Progesterone Levels should be a minimum of ten nanograms per milliliter for optimal chances of fertilization.

Testing for Active Sperm Tests can be conducted in the days preceding ovulation to make sure there is sufficient active sperm present for a reasonable chance at successful conception.

By Inducing Consecutive Menstrual Cycles By administering the Clomiphene monthly, this further encourages a healthy and normal menstrual cycle. Clomiphene treatment can be administered five of every thirty days, to produce a stable pattern. If ovulation does not occur in a cycle, the dose of Clomiphene administered is often increased by fifty milligrams per cycle over the course of six months. When used as a fertility treatment, Clomiphene is only recommended as a six month maximum course of treatment.

Side-Effects of Clomiphene for Female Fertility

Most women experience no significant side-effects resulting from Clomiphene Citrate Fertility Treatment. The most reported side-effect of Clomiphene is an enlargement of the ovaries. This occurs in less than ten percent of patients treated, and is completely reversible.

All other side effects occur in less than ten percent of patients. The most common among these side effects are:

Abdominal Discomfort

Abnormal Bleeding from the Uterus

Hot Flashes

Headaches

Temporary Changes in Vision, including Scotoma (blind spots), Photophobia (light sensitivity), Floaters, Diplopia (double vision), and Blurred Vision

A very small percentage of patients, less than one percent, experience the following symptoms:

Ovarian Hyperstimulation

Reversible Hair Loss (Alopecia)

Hepatitis

Hypertriglyceridemia (elevated triglyceride levels)

Like many other forms of fertilization treatment, Clomiphene increases the likelihood of triplets and twins resulting from the release of multiple eggs (ten percent of patients that conceive using Clomiphene have twins).

Potential Long Term Risks of Clomiphene Therapy for Women

There is limited research that provides inconclusive evidence that the use of clomiphene for more than twelve months can elevate the risk of Ovarian Cancer. It may be that long term use of Clomiphene only impacts patients that don’t become pregnant over the course of a year, which is why the therapy is generally only recommended for six months for women.

There have been no studies that have reproduced these risks, so there are many that believe that Ovarian Cancer risk is not affected by Clomiphene.

Clomiphene Does Not Lead to Neonatal Complications

There are no signs that suggest that Clomiphene increases the risk of Genetic Abnormalities as compared to the normal process of conception. Clomiphene also does not lead to increased risk of spontaneous abortion.

How Does Clomiphene Work?

Clomiphene works by reducing the ability of Estrogen to activate receptor-sites on the Hypothalamus. When the Hypothalamus receives stimulus from circulating Estrogen, it reduces signals from the production of Luteinizing Hormone by the Pituitary Gland. There is a similar pharmaceutical, known as Zuclomifine that acts in the same manner, but for a long a longer period of time. Although Clomiphene affects the release of steroid hormones, Clomiphene is not itself a steroid.

How Do Normal Women Reach Ovulation?

When women experience normal menstrual cycles, Progesterone and Estrogen Levels increase significantly, as released by the Corpus Luteum. This inhibits the production of Luteinizing Hormone, Follicle-Stimulating Hormone, and Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone from the anterior pituitary and the Hypothalamus.

It is during this period where fertilization occurs, and if the body doesn’t experience fertilization in the days after ovulation takes place, the Corpus Luteum breaks down because it does not receive Human Chorionic Gonadotropin signaling. HCG is released after fertilization to encourage stable Estrogen and Progesterone levels.

When used as a fertility treatment, Clomiphene is administered orally in the early stage of the menstrual cycle. During this period, levels of Follicle Stimulating Hormone increase quickly, which leads to the production of follicles in the uterus. The follicles then produce Estrogen which circulates through the blood stream. Clomiphene increases the production of Follicle Stimulating Hormone by reducing the negative feedback mechanism caused by Estrogen upon the receptors on the Hypothalamus, causing the Hypothalamus to produce quick pulses of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone.

As Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Levels increase, this causes the ovaries to produce more follicles, which spurs ovulation as they rupture. When using Clomiphene, ovulation generally occurs six or seven days after the last dose of Clomiphene is taken.

Clomiphene Chemistry

Clomiphene is a combination of two isomers of the same compound, Zuclomiphene and Enclomiphene. These are the active ingredients, which both have the capability of encouraging the production of Estrogen while also inhibiting the activity of negative feedback mechanisms which discourage the production of Estrogen by the female body.

In men, Clomiphene encourages the production of Testosterone by inhibiting negative feedback mechanisms, because the precursor hormones which lead to the production of Estrogen in females lead to the production of Testosterone in males.

Clomiphene Off-Label Uses

Clomiphene has proven to be highly effective for males that are experiencing Andropause, or other forms of primary hypogonadism which slow down the production of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, Luteinizing Hormone, and Follicle-Stimulating Hormone.

As a result of its high effectiveness and lower incidence of side-effects, many patients and physicians prefer Clomiphene to Bio-Identical Testosterone for many patients suffering from Low-T. This is primarily because Clomiphene is cheaper than Testosterone while also being easier to administer, since it is taken orally.

Another reason why many patients prefer Clomiphene is because Clomiphene Testosterone Restoration sustains fertility during treatment while also preserving the normal form and function of the testes. With Bio-Identical Testosterone Therapy, the testes slowly lose their ability to produce sufficient levels of sperm for fertility, although this can be prevented by combining HCG Injections with Testosterone to maintain the body’s production of Luteinizing Hormone, necessary for natural Testosterone and Sperm Production.

It is important to note, however, that Clomiphene has not been approved by the FDA for male use. This is not because of any inherent issue with the therapy, but because there is no profit motive for pharmaceutical companies to lobby the FDA for approval, because Clomiphene is available in generic form, and most patients use Bio-Identical Testosterone in spite of its disadvantages, as a result of a number of factors, including branding distribution. Enclomiphene, one of the two isomers that comprise Clomiphene, is in the process of clinical testing for male patients, and is also known as Androxal.fffff

Use of Clomiphene as a Performance Enhancing Drug

Clomiphene is often used by men that abuse Testosterone in order to counteract the effects of the conversion of Testosterone into Estrogen. Steroid and Testosterone Abuse is generally conducted in cycles which last months, in which the user takes breaks to help encourage normal physiological function. Clomiphene is generally used between cycles in order to prevent gynecomastia and other side-effects of Steroid Abuse. This also simultaneously encourages the male body to produce its own Testosterone more quickly after a cycle.

Because of these uses, Clomiphene is included among Testosterone, Human Growth Hormone, and many other drugs on the list of banned PEDs in various international athletic leagues and competitions.

The History of Clomiphene

Clomiphene was first used in the 1960s as a medical treatment. At first it was used for women suffering from abnormal ovulation, and was later approved for use for women that had trouble ovulating at all.

In 1989, Clomiphene was also approved as a method to ascertain fertility in female patients. It was discovered that women that were capable of pregnancy would gain Bone Mineral Density via their use of the drug, while women that were unable to conceive and bear children would not experience this change in bone mass.

How to Buy Prescription Clomiphene

If you are interested in finding Clomiphene online, we can help. We have a staff of qualified clinical professionals and we can help you discover if you may be a candidate for treatment!

Read the rest here:
Clomiphene Citrate Information and Guide

Fortesta Brand Testosterone Therapy

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Fortesta Brand Testosterone Therapy

Fortesta is one of many brands of Testosterone Therapy available in the United States for the treatment of Low-T, also known as Hypogonadism or Andropause. Fortesta is a product of Endo Pharmaceuticals. Fortesta is a topical gel which is designed to be applied to the skin in order to deliver Testosterone directly to the blood stream.

Fortesta contains two percent Testosterone, and is intended to be administered to the thigh area. If you are suffering from Low-T, Fortesta Testosterone can significantly enhance your Testosterone Levels with just a single daily application.

If you are interested in Fortesta, a hormone specialist can help you find out if Fortesta can help improve your life via Testosterone Restoration. Don’t live with Hormone Imbalance. Be proactive and get the care you deserve!

Fortesta is Proven Effective

Clinical research shows that Fortesta is a highly efficient means to improve Testosterone Balance in order to mitigate the effects of Low-T. Also, Fortesta has a low incidence of side-effects, most of which are mild. Some patients may experience irritation or tenderness where the Testosterone Gel is applied.

Also, the use of Testosterone Therapy sometimes leads to an increase in PSA, which is a benign product of the prostate gland which is released as a byproduct of prostate cancer. There is no evidence that increased PSA counts experienced as a result of Low-T Therapy with Fortesta or any other form of Testosterone Treatment increase the risk of Prostate Cancer. Some patients also experienced odd dreams as a result of their use of Fortesta Gel

Pros of Fortesta

  • Fortesta does not need an applicator and can be applied directly to the skin.

  • Fortesta is completely odorless and colorless

  • Fortesta Gel absorbs into the skin in a matter of minutes

  • After Fortesta is absorbed, it provides Testosterone for a complete twenty-four hour period.

Cons of Fortesta

  • Any gel or cream presents a small chance of cross contamination if someone makes contact with the treated area before it has dried into the skin

  • Because Fortesta is a gel, the product can potentially stain clothing

  • Some patients prefer Testosterone Injections or Testosterone Implants so they don’t have to deal with daily treatment.

How Do I Know if I Need Fortesta?

Every patient has his own needs as a man when it comes to Testosterone. Age-Related Testosterone becomes an issue for some men around the age of thirty, and the older that men become, the more likely they are to begin to suffer from symptoms. If you feel that you may be suffering from Low-T, talk to medical professional, because Fortesta Testosterone may be able to change your life.

Request to Have Your Testosterone Levels Checked

Your doctor doesn’t know what problems that you’re having unless you ask, and Testosterone might not be the first thing on your doctor’s mind. It doesn’t hurt to request to have your Total and Free Testosterone Levels evaluated in order to catch symptoms as soon as possible.

How Do I Qualify for Fortesta?

In order to be approved for Hormone Replacement with Fortesta Testosterone, you must both show clinically low levels of Testosterone Production and display symptoms associated with the disorder, including cholesterol imbalance, diminished sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and unhealthy changes in body composition. A simple blood test will provide the physiological evidence needed to approve therapy.

Testosterone Therapy Requires Periodic Blood Testing

In order to make sure that Fortesta is working as intended, you will need to undergo blood occasional blood testing in order to make sure that the Testosterone Product is effectively bringing your T-Levels back into the normal range. If you don’t receive enough Testosterone, you may not experience the best outcomes, and if you receive too much, this increases the risk of side-effects, which is why it is important to provide a blood sample after your first six months of therapy, and then every six months to one year.

Always Use Fortesta as Recommended

Like all prescription medications, it is important to follow your physician’s instructions with regard to Fortesta Bio-Identical Testosterone. Use as directed, and never alter your treatment schedule without the advice or recommendation of your physician.

Fortesta Is Only Effective When Used Routinely

In order to receive clinically potent benefits with regard to Fortesta Therapy, it is vitally important to remember to apply the medication every day. Although the occasional, rare skipped dose won’t have a negative effect on therapy, more than the rare missed dose will reduce the effectiveness of treatment, and may ever render the treatment physiologically ineffective.

Make Fortesta a Part of Your Morning Schedule

Fortesta is simple and easy to apply, and you should do so exactly as your prescribing hormone doctor recommends. In order to help you administer the appropriate dose, Fortesta is equipped with a pump device capable of providing an exact dose.

The first time that you use Fortesta, you will have to prep the can for the initial dose. In order to do so, simply press the pump eight times over a drainage device and rinse any dispensed medication down the drain.

How Do I Apply Fortesta?

As we mentioned earlier, Fortesta does not use an applicator. In order to deliver the medication, you’ll simply rub it onto your finger and apply it to your thighs by gently massaging it into the skin.

Keep These Things In Mind When Using Fortesta

  • Fortesta is explicitly intended for application to the thighs. Never administer Fortesta Treatment to the upper arms, shoulders, stomach, or genitals.

  • Although Fortesta will absorb into the skin after only a few minutes, it is important not to bathe, shower, or swim in the two hours after you apply the medication. This can leech the Testosterone from the skin, reducing its effectiveness.

  • As with most oil-based medications, Fortesta does represent a risk when exposed to flame before it has been absorbed properly into the skin. Do not smoke or approach flames in the few minutes after you receive your dose of Fortesta.

Fortesta Safety Precautions

Fortesta is readily transmittable to others before it dries into the skin. Children and women will readily absorb Testosterone if they come in contact with the treated area, especially in the first two hours after application. If a child or women accidentally becomes exposed to Fortesta, clean the exposed area thoroughly with water and soap immediately.

In order to mitigate the risk of exposing others to Fortesta Andropause Treatment, only apply the treatment to the recommended area and wear cloths that cover the area. Clean hands thoroughly with soap immediately after administering the treatment. Though the Testosterone will more or less be fully absorbed after two hours, do not allow others to contact the treated area until you have had the opportunity to clean the treated skin with soap.

Where Can I Buy Fortesta?

If you are interested in Bio-Identical Fortesta Andropause Therapy, it is just one of the many forms of treatment that we offer at our medical clinic for the treatment of Low-T. We encourage you to give us a call if you are interested in beginning or continuing a Testosterone Therapy Program with a trusted medical clinic! Whether it’s your first time and you require medical diagnosis, or you are a Testosterone Replacement Veteran that’s just looking for a qualified, reliable, and cost-effective provider, we can get you the Testosterone Treatments that can help you overcome Low-T and make the most out of your life!

Testosterone Therapy and Androgen Deficiency Guide

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Testosterone Therapy and Androgen Deficiency Guide

Testosterone Deficiency goes by a number of names, including Low-T and Hypogonadism. When Low-T is the result of the aging process, it is known as Andropause or Age-Related Testosterone Deficiency. As a whole, Low-T is a a syndrome, which means that it represents a collection of symptoms rather than a simply definable medical condition with a consistent cause. A number of issues can lead to Low-T, from genetic defects to surgery and radiation related to injury and cancer. It is also often simply the result of the body slowly losing its ability to produce sufficient Testosterone as a factor of age.

For men with Testosterone Deficiency, Low-T Therapy is a highly effective way to restore normalcy and proper hormone balance for the patient. Testosterone is often used for other purposes, such as anti-aging, appearance, performance enhancement, and strength training, but these uses are not approved of by the FDA. Testosterone is not an Anti-Aging drug, but, for patients with Testosterone Deficiency, Bio-Identical Low-T Treatment can help mitigate a number of symptoms that are commonly associated with the aging process.

What Are the Symptoms of Testosterone Deficiency?

Low-T affects male health both on a physical and psychological level, and there are a number of symptoms associated with the condition. The following is a list of symptoms of Testosterone Deficiency:

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Fatigue

  • Increased Development of Breast Tissue

  • Infertility and Low Sperm Count

  • Sexual Dysfunction

  • Loss of Sex Drive

  • Loss of Muscle Mass

  • Weight Gain

  • Osteoporosis

  • Testicular shrinkage

How Is Low-T Diagnosed?

As of today, there is still some debate over the exact Testosterone Thresholds regarding Testosterone Deficiency, but what is agreed upon is that the two most important factors with regard to the diagnosis of Hypogonadism and Andropause is both the presence of clinically low Testosterone Levels and the display of symptoms associated with the condition. Many men function just fine with lower Testosterone Production, while others are much more sensitive to their body’s changes.

Testosterone Deficiency Diagnosis requires three stages: Patient history, Physical, and Blood Test

Testosterone Patient History

A big part of Low-T diagnosis and approval for treatment has to do with your past health history, personal, medical, and genetic. It’s important for your prescribing hormone doctor to understand if you went through any issues in your past, whether during puberty or some other period of time, where you experienced issues that are related to Low-T. Also, your personal life is very important, because men that are in unsatisfactory relationships or are under a great deal of stress may be displaying symptoms related to Testosterone Deficiency as a result of environmental and personal factors rather than as a result of a physiological deficiency.

Of course, hereditary history is also important. Men with a high risk of prostate cancer, for example, will experience a higher risk profile associated with therapy than those that do not have such a history. Also, if other men in your family have suffered from Low-T in the past, it provides evidence that you yourself may be in need.

There are also a number of quality of life issues that cannot be easily quantified through physical evaluation, such as happiness, libido, and personal satisfaction, which are also best revealed through this personal history, either in written form or discussed with your prescribing hormone doctor.

Low-T Physical

Beyond self-evaluation, you will also need to be physically evaluated by a physician. He or she will be able to collect health data which will help them prescribe the right dose, and certain symptoms can be discerned through the physical evaluation, including reduced penis-size, testicular shrinkage, breast enlargement, and diminished body hair.

Low-T Blood Test

Finally, if signs suggest that you may be suffering from Testosterone Deficiency, your physician will take a blood sample for testing. A number of tests may be taken to evaluate your health and hormone balance, but the most important test is your Free and Total Testosterone Test. This test is usually taken in the morning, because it is when we first wake up that Testosterone Concentrations are at their peak.

It’s important that this test be taken while you are free from illness and any medication that is not taken for a chronic condition, because these issues can temporarily suppress Testosterone.

What Is Considered Normal When It Comes to Low-T?

As we mentioned earlier, there is still some debate, but the generally accepted rule is that normal Testosterone Levels in the blood are considered between 300 and 1000 nanograms per deciliter. Many clinics go by different guidelines and it is ultimately up to your prescribing physician to establish his or her own personal guidelines dependent upon the patients and the symptoms.

Who Can Benefit from Testosterone Therapy?

Men that are suffering from health issues as a direct result of their diminished Testosterone Levels can benefit from Testosterone Treatment, as long as the benefits of treatment outweigh the risks. For most patients with Low-T, Testosterone Therapy with Injections, Patches, Creams, or Gels are a low-risk treatment that provides real benefits, but certain critical groups may need to avoid therapy or at least understand the risks associated with treatment.

Who Should Avoid Low-T Treatment for Hypogonadism?

There are some at risk groups that should not undergo Testosterone Restoration. These include:

  • Men that are interested in bearing children – Testosterone Treatment suppresses the ability to produce sperm. This doesn’t have an adverse effect upon health, but it does limit fertility. Testosterone with HCG can promote the production of sperm during Low-T Treatment and is an option, however.

  • Men the Prostate or Breast Cancer – Testosterone Therapy does not cause these forms of cancer, but it can exacerbate existing cancers, because prostate cancer feeds off of Testosterone, and breast cancer feeds off of Estrogen that is sometimes produced as a byproduct of Testosterone Treatment.

  • Men with High PSA Levels Prior to Treatment – Elevated PSA is a sign of prostate cancer risk under normal circumstances. PSA is produced as a result of Testosterone Therapy, but under these special circumstances, increased PSA Levels are benign.

  • Men with Elevated Red Blood Cell Counts – Testosterone can increase RBC Count which is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular complications. If the patient experiences increased RBC as a result of treatment, it can be effectively treated via blood donation.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea – Testosterone can exacerbate existing sleep apnea if not under treatment

  • Men That Are Suffering from Heart Failure Which Isn’t Effectively Controlled

  • Patients with Significant Prostate Enlargement Prior to Treatment

  • Patients that are potentially at high risk of Prostate Cancer

What is the Goal of Low-T Treatment?

It’s important to understand that the ultimate goal of Testosterone Restoration isn’t to abnormally elevate Testosterone Concentrations, but simply to restore Testosterone Levels back to a normal state. Testosterone Abuse has an elevated risk of complications, because it involves increasing Testosterone Levels to an abnormally high state which puts pressure on normal hormone balance.

Every patient will have his or her own goals with regard to Testosterone Therapy. For young patients, it will be to encourage puberty, for example. For men with Andropause, the goals are generally multifaceted. These men are looking to safeguard their health, as well as preserve their masculine characteristics. Testosterone Therapy can improve cardiovascular health, increase Bone Mineral Density, improve beard thickness and growth, maintain the depth of the voice, increase muscle mass, burn fat, and preserve sexual health!

What Options Are Available With Regard to Testosterone Replacement?

There are a number of options available to the patient when it comes to treatment, including:

  • Testosterone Creams – Topical Application Daily

  • Testosterone Gels – Topical Application Daily

  • Testosterone Injections – Periodic Injections, most often prescribed Bi-Weekly

  • Testosterone Implants – Outpatient Surgical Procedure Provides 3-5 Months of Testosterone

  • Testosterone Bucchal Tablets – Applied to Gums Daily

How Do I Get The Most Out Of Testosterone Therapy?

In order to maximize the benefits of treatment, it is important to follow your prescription exactly as outlined, and keep an open dialogue with your prescribing physician regarding any issues that you may experience during treatment.

Also, it’s important to set up appointments with your hormone doctor once every six months to one year in order to make sure that your body is responding to treatment ideally and without side-effects or unnecessary risk.

Different patients also respond to different forms of Low-T Treatment in their own unique way, so talk to your doctor about any specific issues that you experience such as skin irritation or patterns of physiological imbalance, because you may be responding in a negative way to the specific treatment you were prescribed and would likely benefit from changing your route of administration.

Finally, Testosterone can provide benefits even without changing your lifestyle, incorporating a healthy diet and exercise plan to your Testosterone Regimen will improve the way your body responds to treatment significantly!

Cardiovascular Issues Contribute Heavily to Loss of Memory and Cognitive Decline

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Cardiovascular Issues Contribute Heavily to Loss of Memory and Cognitive Decline

The brain is the most physiologically demanding organ in the human body, and requires a constant flow of oxygen-rich blood to maintain its optimal function. If the heart and cardiovascular systems are unable to meet the demands of the brain, then the brain will have to adjust its function to compensate.

Two of the most common issues related to aging are a decline in cognitive function and diminished cardiovascular health. The more research that is conducted with regard to these two issues, the more clear that it becomes that heart health is intricately linked to the health of the mind.

Heart Problems Increase the Risk of Cognitive Impairment

Individuals that suffer from poor heart health due to atherosclerosis, heart failure, hypertension, or other conditions which impact circulation are more likely to experience heightened cognitive decline in comparison to their peers with healthy hearts or cardiovascular systems in moderate health. A new study released in the Journal of the American Medical Association made connection quite clearly.

In this study, medical researchers discovered that individuals with poor cardiovascular health were at significantly greater risk of cognitive decline, including diminished verbal ability, afflicted memory, and inhibited learning. This study was conducted by epidemiological specialists at Brigham Young University, led by Dr. Evan Thacker, a chronic illness specialist.

Data Collected from an Extensive Array of Patients

Researchers gathered data from a large set of patients, all at least forty-five years old. Their cognitive ability was assessed at the start of the study and was revisited four years later. All patients selected for the study had never experienced a known stroke and had average mental acuity at the beginning of the study. In total, 17,761 individuals were evaluated.

In order to select subjects for this study, the researchers utilized medical information collected from the REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Difference in Stroke) Study. The original study was both racially and geographically diverse. 45% of participants were men, 58% were Caucasian as opposed to 42% African American. 56% of participants were selected from the American Southeast, the region of the United States where cardiovascular complications occur most frequently, also known as the Stroke Belt.

Heart Health Established Via Lifestyle Risk Factors

In order to evaluate the health status and health risks of the patients, the participants were evaluated using what is known as the Life’s Simple Seven Initiative. This evaluation assessed the present and future health risks of patients according to their lifestyle choices, and collected data regarding blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, BMI, activity level, diet, and whether they used tobacco products.

Based on prior research, these seven aspects of lifestyle have the capability of providing a simple metric for establishing the cardiovascular health of the patient, separating the participants into three groups according to risk level. The results of the study were controlled by a variety of factors, including education, race, gender, and age.

Elevated Cognitive Decline Risk Apparent Even After Thorough Control

After controlling for mediating factors, the researchers were able to see a clear difference in cognitive ability based upon the cardiovascular status of the patients. 2.6%-2.7% of individuals with healthy and average cardiovascular profiles experienced cognitive decline after four years, whereas 4.6 percent of individuals with the lowest heart health scores experienced similar impairment.

Study Displays the Importance of Lifestyle in Relationship to Heart Health and Cognitive Ability

This displays the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle which promotes heart health, because it clearly shows that an unhealthy cardiovascular system suppresses the higher function of the brain. The good thing about this study is that patients don’t have to have perfect hearts to protect their brains, they just have to make sure that they take simple steps to protect their cardiovascular system from major danger.

Dr. Thacker was pleased with the results of the study, because he feels that it will encourage patients to be proactive. Memory and cognitive ability are two factors which are most important to men and women as they grow older, and the message of this study is that if you just take the time to take care of yourself, you can reduce the risk of cognitive decline by almost half.

It’s not about reaching ideal heart health when it comes to higher functions, and many patients may have passed the point where they can ever experience ideal heart health again, but for patients concerned with their cognitive function, it provides extra motivation to take steps to keep the cardiovascular system in as healthy a state as possible.

The benefits of a healthy heart transcend all boundaries of human experience. The benefits were pronounced in spite of region, prior heart conditions, sex and race. Of course, some groups are more at risk than others. Researches found that participants with more money and more education were less likely to experience cognitive decline. Women experienced issues more often than men, and patients that had never experienced cardiovascular disease were more likely to have healthier minds. This does not interfere with the results of the study, it simply shows that certain groups have a predisposition to healthier hearts and minds.

How Were Patients Cognitively Evaluated?

In order to assess the cognitive condition of the patients, a number of tests were conducted with regard to verbal ability, memory, and learning. Verbal ability was evaluated by requesting the subject to come up with as many animals as they could in a minute. Memory was evaluated by seeing how many words that a patient could remember from a10 component list after distraction, and learning was evaluated by showing the patient the same list of words three times in an effort to see if they how many words they could commit to memory.

Based on the way that the data was collected, there is no clear analysis at this time which explains why the patients with good or great cardiovascular health performed better than those with weaker cardiovascular systems, although many other studies have pointed out that oxygenation is important for a strong and healthy brain.

Do You Have Low Testosterone?

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Do You Have Low Testosterone?

by Phil J. Marlowe

Low testosterone is the hidden destroyer of joy, energy, sex, and success for men of all ages. Testosterone is a natural hormone produced by the body, and in men it’s the hormone whose dominance makes you a man: It gives you your sex drive – your desire for women and ability to satisfy them; it gives you all the secondary sexual characteristics of manhood – facial hair, sturdy, rugged bone structure, and increased strength and muscle mass; and it also gives you the daring and energy that characterize successful men from explorers and mountain climbers to world-class scientists, artists, and engineers. Yes, Dorothy, men and women are very different and one of the things that makes men different from women is the presence of a healthy level of testosterone in their bloodstreams.

Testosterone, which also helps prevent osteoporosis, is produced by the testes and, to a lesser extent, by the adrenal glands. (In women, some testosterone is produced by the ovaries, but healthy men have between seven and eight times as much testosterone in their bodies as women do – and produce twenty times as much.) It is the primary sex hormone in men, and it is absolutely necessary for health and well-being.

Testosterone levels do decrease gradually with age, but some men experience a sudden decline, which can create a number of disturbing – and preventable – symptoms.

What are some of the symptoms of low testosterone levels (also sometimes called “low-T”)?

1. Decreased sexual desire. This, like levels of testosterone in the bloodstream, does decrease with age – but only gradually. (It’s estimated that testosterone levels decline about one percent per year – a barely noticeable amount – after age 30.) Any sudden change in sexual desire could be cause for concern.

2. A loss of spontaneous erections.

3. Infertility. Since men struggling with infertility have probably already had their testosterone levels measured by a blood test, they will know with certainty whether or not they might benefit from testosterone replacement.

4. A decrease in testicular size. Any noticeable change should be immediately reported to your doctor, and a blood test given.

5. Chronic fatigue. (But beware of using this symptom alone as diagnostic of low-T – it can many other causes as well, not the least of which is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.)

6. Swollen or tender breasts in males.

7. Psychological changes like depression and lack of motivation (though these symptoms alone may well have some other cause).

Low testosterone levels can also be linked with muscle shrinkage, osteoporosis (a condition in which the bones become brittle and lose mass), and “metabolic syndrome” – a pre-diabetic condition in which the ability to regulate blood sugar is impaired (this also can manifest itself as sudden fatigue).

Changes to a healthier diet, reduction of stress levels, and engaging in regular exercise can sometimes increase testosterone levels in the bloodstream. And it’s also known that obesity is linked with low testosterone levels, so weight loss for obese low-T individuals can be helpful.

But older men who exhibit multiple symptoms, particularly symptoms with a sudden onset, are now often treated by physicians with testosterone replacement therapy (also known as TRT). Testosterone replacement therapy from a doctor usually involves gels, transdermal patches, or injections. (Nasal sprays are reportedly being developed, too.) Good results have been obtained, but there is some indication that the body develops a dependence on the therapy, and testosterone levels fall to even lower levels when therapy is suspended. Since the therapy is new, there are no long-term studies yet. Even less is known about self-medication using oral tablets. It’s believed that a smaller percentage of the supplement enters the bloodstream this way, but the number is certainly not zero.

Elderly men who use testosterone supplements to counteract the natural decline in the hormone over the decades report improvements in health parameters linked to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease: better lean body mass, lowered total fat mass, decrease in bad cholesterol, and better regulation of blood sugar. Additionally, men whose testosterone levels are naturally a bit above normal report lower than average blood pressure, fewer heart attacks, lower incidence of obesity, and are more likely to catgorize their own health as good or excellent. (Such men also have slightly higher rates of accidents due to injury, perhaps because they engage in more risk-taking behaviors.)

When getting a blood test to check for low testosterone, you should decide in advance if you want full laboratory blood work done, or just the test for testosterone levels alone. Even though testing only for low-T will be more economical, if you haven’t had your blood tested for many years, it might be wise to have a full blood workup done to check for any other abnormalities that might be causing some of your symptoms.

Check with your doctor if you think you might be suffering from low-T. And study the tons of free information that’s available on testosterone replacement supplements that’s out there – and take control of your own health and life today!

REFERENCES

Mayo Clinic, “Testosterone therapy: Key to male vitality?”, http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/sexual-health/in-depth/testosterone-therapy/art-20045728 , accessed 2014/07/10

Todd Nippoldt, Chicago Tribune, May 27, 2014, “Mayo Clinic Medical Edge: Mildly low level of testosterone typically doesn’t require treatment,” http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-05-07/lifestyle/sns-201405060000-tms–premhnstr–k-a20140507-20140507_1_low-testosterone-testosterone-levels-sleep-apnea , accessed 2014/07/10

Woodhouse LJ, Reisz-Porszasz S, Javanbakht M, et al. “Development of Models to Predict Anabolic Response to Testosterone Administration in Healthy Young Men,” Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab (), Jan 7 2003, p

Rolf C, von Eckardstein S, Koken U, et al. “Testosterone substitution of hypogonadal men prevents the age dependent increases in body mass index, body fat and leptin seen in healthy aging men: results of a cross-sectional study.” Eur J Endocrinol (England), Apr 2002, 146(4) p505-11

Ferrando AA, Sheffield-Moore M, Paddon-Jones D, et al. “Differential anabolic effects of testosterone and amino acid feeding in older men.” J Clin Endocrinol Metab (United States), Jan 2003, 88(1) p358-62

Matt McMillan, WebMD, Men’s Health, “Low Testosterone: How Do You Know When Levels Are Too Low?”, http://www.webmd.com/men/features/low-testosterone-explained-how-do-you-know-when-levels-are-too-low , accessed 2014/07/10

WebMD, Men’s Health, “Could It Be Low Testosterone?”, http://www.webmd.com/men/video/lamm-testosterone-levels , accessed 2014/07/10

WebMD, Men’s Health, “Low Testosterone Health Risks,” http://www.webmd.com/men/video/testosterone-replacement-therapy , accessed 2014/07/10

Healthline, Low Testosterone, “The Warning Signs of Low Testosterone,” http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/low-t , accessed 2014/07/10

Anastrozole Research Study

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Anastrozole Research Study

Anastrozole is what is known as an Estrogen-Blocker. Estrogen-Blockers are used to inhibit the production of Estrogen by the body and to prevent the conversion of Testosterone into Estrogen via biological mechanisms inside the body. For post-menopausal women, Anastrozole is commonly prescribed as part of breast cancer treatments, because the presence of Estrogen exacerbates breast cancer. The brand name form of Anastrozole, Arimadex, is produced and distributed by the pharmaceutical giant, AstraZenaca.

Among men, Anastrozole Therapy is commonly prescribed along with Testosterone Therapy in order to inhibit the body’s natural propensity to convert excess Testosterone into Estrogen, especially among obese patients and patients taking forms of Testosterone Therapy prone to inducing spikes in Testosterone Production.

Also, bodybuilders, athletes, and weight-lifters commonly take Anastrozole in combination with high levels of Testosterone in order to abuse the Anabolic effects of Testosterone while mitigating the side-effects related to excess Estrogen and Testosterone, including Gynecomastia.

Anastrozole Clinical Study

In one particular study, published in 2009, researchers studied the impact of Anastrozole Treatment upon the production of Testosterone and other sex hormones among men. They also measured a number of other co-varying factors, including cholesterol levels, PSA Counts, Strength, and Body Composition. All patients in the study were individuals suffering from Low-T, and all patients were treated with Anastrozole Estrogen-Blocker for twelve months.

After a year of treatment, researchers found that the men experienced an increase in Testosterone of around fifty percent, and this increase was sufficient to put men right in the middle of a healthy, adult Testosterone Range. This was coupled with an average twenty percent decrease in Estradiol levels, although the average Estradiol levels were normal on average.

Anastrozole had a number of beneficial effects. The Estrogen-Blocking Treatment increased concentrations of Luteinizing Hormone, Dihydrotestosterone and Free Testosterone (also known as Bioavailable Testosterone). These effects were significant when compared to the placebo group.

Unfortunately, the increase in Androgen Production and decrease in Estradiol production did not lead to significantly enhanced strength or body composition, but it also did not have a negative impact on cholesterol balance, prostate health, and PSA Levels.

Andropause and Male Health – Testosterone and Estrogen

It has long been known that the male aging process is strongly correlated with a steady and constant drop in the production of male androgens such as Testosterone and Dihydrotestosterone. It is also known that Estrogen Production also drops at the same time as these male Androgens decline, albeit at a slower rate.

This transformation eventually leads to a condition known as Testosterone Deficiency, Andropause, or simply Low-T. At the same time, Estradiol ratios increase in relation to Testosterone Concentration as a result of their differing rates of decline. This is because, although there is less Testosterone, the body converts that Testosterone into Estradiol at a faster rate with age.

Researchers are still attempting to discover the full implications of this biological change, and how it effects male health. Hormone Scientists are also attempting to figure out exactly how this biological change occurs, as the mechanisms are not yet fully understood.

Why Do Testosterone Levels Drop Faster than Estrogen Levels in Men?

Endocrinologists do have some hypotheses however. Here are some of them:

  • Reduced production of Testosterone as a result of increased Estrogen synthesis.
  • Decrease in the mass of Leydig Cells, which are responsible for the production of Testosterone.
  • Leydig Cells may become increasingly insensitive to stimulation from the Pituitary, which could inhibit Testosterone Production.
  • As men grow older, they could be producing less Testosterone as a result of increased activity of Gonadostatin Hormones or other hormones which suppress the production of Testosterone as a factor of age.

How Does Anastrozole Increase Testosterone Levels?

Aromatase Inhibitors such as Anastrozole and Arimadex are able to enhance Testosterone production because they reduce the production of Estradiol. The presence of excess Estradiol produces a negative feedback mechanism which encourages the enhanced release of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, Luteinizing Hormone, and Follicle Stimulating Hormone by the Hypothalamus (GRH) and the Pituitary (LH and FSH). All of this acts together in a way which stimulates the testes and adrenal glands to produce more Testosterone.

Why is Anastrozole Useful for Testosterone Replacement?

There are a number of reasons why it would be highly beneficial to use Anastrozole as a means to improve Testosterone Production, if it were effective:

  • Anastrozole is effective in pill form, making it very easy to take with minimal inconvenience.
  • It can mitigate the side-effect of Gynecomastia related to Testosterone Therapy
  • Protects the cardiovascular system and the cognitive faculties from the negative effects of excess estrogen.
  • Anastrozole may be beneficial in lieu of Testosterone Therapy as a means to enhance Testosterone Production without the risk of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (as of yet unfounded)

Previous Research: Hypogonadism and Anastrozole

One of the inspirations that lead researchers to conduct this study regarding the impact of Anastrozole on Estrogen and Androgen Levels was another study which evaluated the effects of Anastrozole upon 37 geriatric patients suffering from hypogonadism. This study produced some very similar results with regard to how Anastrozole improved Testosterone Concentrations as well as normalized the ratio between Testosterone and Estradiol.

The original study was conducted over the course of three months, as opposed to the year-long study conducted in 2009. These results were corroborated in another study, although that study did not involve a control-placebo group.

The Testes May Lose Their Ability to Produce Testosterone as Men Grow Older

Because this study was over the course of a year, rather than only three months, it provided greater information with regard to how the human body responds to long-term treatment with Anastrozole. In this study, for example, results after three months were nearly identical to those in the other earlier three month studies, but then over the course of the next nine months, androgen concentrations dropped.

The researchers hypothesize that the decrease in Testosterone Concentration could be the result of increased resistance to the Estrogen-Blocking Medication. Researchers found that, although Testosterone Production dropped over the course of the last nine months, Luteinizing Hormone Levels remained at high levels. This suggests that although the Hypothalamus and Pituitary are sending sufficient signals to produce youthful levels of Testosterone, that the Leydig Cells in the testes, for unclear reasons, are no longer capable to meet the demands of the body.

It has been observed however, that Leydig Cells are less responsive to Luteinizing Hormone when there is a higher concentration of ligands. Because of the stable Estradiol Concentrations over the course of the nine months, as well as well-kept medication diaries and monitored pill-counts, the researchers are able to discount noncompliance as a contributing factor to reduced Testosterone Concentrations.

Effects of Anastrozole on Body Composition Differ from the Effects of Testosterone Therapy

The vast majority of studies on why men with Low-T Hypogonadism have been treated with Testosterone have shown that Andropause Therapy reduces bodyfat and increases muscle mass. Many studies also show that Testosterone Restoration has a positive impact on physical strength.

In this particular study, the same benefits do not appear to be apparent with regard to Anastrozole. After a year of medication with Anastrozole, there were no significant changes in muscle mass, strength, or body composition observed. These results are similar to those of other studies which utilized Estrogen-Blockers for a shorter period of time.

Why Is Anastrozole Alone Not as Effective as Testosterone Treatment?

It could be that the patients did not have Low-T of sufficient severity to produce positive biological changes in body composition. The researchers don’t feel that this is the case, however, because there have been other studies in which men with the same degree of Low-T were able to experience significant gains in body composition directly from therapy.

A second potential explanation for this lack of change in fat and muscle mass is that Anastrozole alone, or at the dose administered, does not have the capability to produce the increase in Testosterone necessary to lead to significant gains with regard to body composition. Most studies which have led to increased Muscle Mass and Decreased Body Fat were the result of increasing Free Testosterone Levels to High-Normal, whereas this treatment only raised Testosterone Levels to Mid-Normal.

Another issue with Anastrozole Pills is that they, alone, don’t produce the same increases as Bio-Identical Testosterone Formulations, because these treatments bypass the digestive system and deliver the dose directly to the blood stream. Testosterone Administered via Injection, Patch, or Cream, produce Testosterone Peaks which are higher than average.

Since this study only produced peak Testosterone Levels that were mid-normal, and concentrations dropped over the course of the year of therapy, this may have been the reason why Free Concentration did not produce significant Body Composition gains.

It is also possible that the reduced concentrations of Estradiol resulting from Anastrozole Treatment could have inhibited the gains that one would normally expect from treatment. In animal subjects, there is evidence that male mice increase bodyfat if aromatase genes are not activated. This is also true if Estrogen Receptor- is not activated. Among rats that have been castrated, the administration of Estrogen actually protects against weight gain and has the ability to generate muscle mass.

In relationship to this animal study, men that have experienced Prostate Cancer are more resistant to weight gain when treated with an Androgen Blocker which increases Estradiol Levels known as Bicalutamide. These benefits were enhanced in relationship to Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, which simultaneously inhibits Estrogen and Androgen Production. Interestingly enough, it appears that Estradiol does play a particular role in protecting healthy body composition among male patients.

Anastrozole Does Not Impact the Prostate Gland

All signs from this study show that Anastrozole and Arimadex have no impact upon the health of the prostate. In particular, Anastrozole does not lead to prostate enlargement, and it does not lead to increased PSA Counts. Researchers hypothesize that since Anastrozole decreased Estradiol Levels while increasing Testosterone Levels, it counteracted the effect upon the prostate that is often the result of Testosterone Therapy used alone.

The scientists that produced this study took the time to place special emphasis upon this connection between the Prostate and Estrogen. It may be that Testosterone Therapy combined with Anastrozole may have the ability to provide the normal benefits of Testosterone Restoration and Optimization while protecting the prostate from risk of the potential side-effect of Prostate Enlargement.

There is further biological evidence that this may be the case. Estradiol Levels are positively correlated with increased incidence and severity of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, and the body also becomes more sensitive to Aromatase as men grow older. Animal studies have also shown that Estrogen Injections enhance Prostate-Specific Antigen, and they also lead directly to the proliferation of stromal cells and prostatic epithelial cells which are associated with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Animal studies have also shown that drugs which inhibit Estradiol actually have the ability to alleviate the effects of the condition.

Anastrozole Does Not Alter Cholesterol Balance or Increase Red Blood Cell Count

In this study, there is no evidence that Anastrozole Treatment negatively impacts cholesterol or causes polycythemia. Today, researchers are highly interested in figuring out how to provide Testosterone Therapy to patients with Low-T while preserving or enhancing cardiovascular health and cholesterol levels. Many studies clearly point out that healthy Testosterone Levels are associated with improved heart health and enhanced cholesterol balance.

Other studies regarding Testosterone Therapy, on the other hand, show that some forms of Testosterone Treatment can sometimes lead to negative consequences in regard to cholesterol. There is also evidence that oral Estrogens reduce LDL cholesterol levels and increase HDL cholesterol levels in both sexes. Estrogens administered via cream have a limited impact on cholesterol.

These positive changes in cholesterol associated with Estrogen pills do not seem to provide heart benefits. This provides even more evidence that Cardiovascular Risks are complex, and there are a number of factors which control heart health, not just cholesterol. Other issues that can affect Cardiovascular Health include endothelial function, coagulation, insulin resistance, and inflammation.

Anastrozole Study Limitations

There is one powerful issue which can impact the results of this study. There is no clearly delineated definition of what is considered Low-T among older men. Because there is no agreed-upon definition, it makes establishing clinical guidelines for Andropause and Low-T a difficult thing to do.

This study used a more common definition of Age-Related Low-T to choose its subjects, but other researchers have tighter guidelines for what patients are considered Andropause Sufferers. If the researchers would have used tighter guidelines for Testosterone Deficiency, they may have found positive effects upon muscle mass and body fat, but they argue that, had they used these more stringent guidelines, the study could not effectively be compared to the majority of other Low-T Studies.

Anastrozole Study Summary

To summarize the above study and its effects, researchers found that one year of Anastrozole Pill Treatment had the ability to suppress Estradiol Levels and enhance Testosterone Production among adult males over the age of sixty struggling with mild or moderate Low-T.

This treatment was able to restore Testosterone Concentrations associated with that of young and healthy males, but it did not have a positive impact upon strength and body composition. This outcome could have been the effect of inhibited Estradiol Production in relationship to increased Testosterone Levels, or it could have been the result of a developed resistance to the Estrogen-Blockers.

Future studies could monitor the effects of Anastrozole (Arimadex) Estrogen-Blockers upon other issues associated with Low-T, including reduced sexual function, quality of life, cognitive health, insulin sensitivity, and bone mineral density. Such studies would enhance our knowledge of how Estrodiol and other Estrogens impact the health of men, and how Estrogen interacts with Testosterone and Testosterone Restoration.

Anastrozole Information Source:

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586804_4

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Anastrozole Research Study

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